People For the American Way was among the nearly fifty national, state, and local LGBTQ and allied organizations that sent a letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee in opposition to the nomination of Eric Dreiband to be Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights, citing the nomination as further evidence of the Trump administration’s disdain for civil rights. You can view and download this letter, with footnotes, here.
Dear Chairman Grassley and Ranking Member Feinstein:
On behalf of Lambda Legal and the undersigned 46 national, state and local organizations serving the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community and those living with HIV, we write to oppose the nomination of Eric S. Dreiband to serve as the Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (“Justice Department” or “DOJ”). Experienced and principled leadership is needed to ensure that the civil rights of our most vulnerable populations are protected and enforced. Mr. Dreiband’s record of opposing civil rights renders him ill-suited to provide that kind of leadership to the Civil Rights Division.
This year marks the 60th anniversary of the Civil Rights Division (“Division”). Throughout its history, the Division has defended and vindicated the civil rights of vulnerable Americans. In the face of increased violence and pervasive discrimination against LGBT people, our organizations know that the work of the Division is more important than ever. In response to this crisis, however, DOJ appears not only to have abandoned its obligation to defend civil rights, but has decided instead to use its authority to inflict additional harm on communities already under attack, including (but certainly not limited to) the LGBT community.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions began unraveling LGBT protections at the Justice Department on day one and has not stopped since. One of his first moves as Attorney General was to halt the Justice Department’s defense of important guidance documents clarifying the protections that exist in federal law for transgender people facing discrimination. Specifically, at Jeff Sessions’ direction, DOJ shamefully withdrew its challenge to a poorly reasoned decision from a federal district court in Texas that halted enforcement nationwide of the Department of Education’s guidance regarding transgender students, and cast doubt on other important federal guidance documents dealing with anti-LGBT discrimination.1 Shortly thereafter, the Acting Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights, along with his counterpart at the Department of Education, rescinded their joint Dear Colleague Letter, which had been providing important assistance to school officials about their obligations to transgender and gender non-conforming students under Title IX.2 Although the rescission of that letter did not alter the underlying protections that exist in federal law, the withdrawal of this guidance document has undermined the safety and well-being of every transgender student in this country.
DOJ continued its aggressive roll-back of LGBT protections by withdrawing its defense of the nondiscrimination regulations implementing the Affordable Care Act, which prohibited, among other things, discrimination in the provision of medically necessary health care to transgender people. Instead of vigorously defending the civil rights of transgender people, DOJ acquiesced to the district court’s order enjoining enforcement of these important protections, and asked the court to remand the case to the Department of Health and Human Services to “address the issues raised in the litigation,” by (among other things) considering the possibility of reopening these regulations.3 And just a few weeks ago, DOJ filed an amicus brief in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit urging that court to adopt an interpretation of Title VII that would deny protection to LGBT workers.4 In doing so, the Department directly contradicted the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which for years has advanced the position that Title VII’s prohibition on sex discrimination protects against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
The LGBT community is not the only group that has suffered as a result of the Department of Justice’s abdication of its role as a defender of civil rights. This administration’s blatant hostility toward the Muslim community, for example, has been just as vicious and unapologetic. Likewise, DOJ has subverted its mission of ensuring and promoting constitutional policing by pulling back from consent decrees with police departments under investigation for failing to protect people of color and other vulnerable populations from discrimination and abuse.5 The Educational Opportunities Section of the Civil Rights Division has apparently been directed to focus on challenging race-conscious admissions policies, notwithstanding schools’ clear legal authority to use such tools to promote important educational goals,6 and, at every opportunity, the Department has repudiated its statutory and moral obligation to defend voting rights.7 In recent months, the Department of Justice has abandoned longstanding litigation in Texas and North Carolina involving laws that courts have denounced not simply for their racially discriminatory effect but for the discriminatory purposes motivating them. More recently, DOJ joined forces with the Pence / Kobach Commission’s efforts to suppress the vote, first by sending a letter to 44 States instructing them of their duty to purge voter rolls and demanding they provide information about voter purging requirements within 30 days,8 and then by urging the Supreme Court to allow States to eliminate people from voter registration rolls based merely on their failure to vote in recent elections.9
The foregoing examples illustrate the extent to which those currently leading the Department of Justice have embarked on an anti-civil rights crusade. Against this backdrop, and in light of the moral crisis facing this country in the wake of Charlottesville and other related events including the presidential pardon of former Maricopa County Sheriff Joseph Arpaio, we are struck by the message that is being sent by the nomination of Eric S. Dreiband. Mr. Dreiband’s overwhelmingly anti-civil rights record and his personal involvement in cases seeking to diminish the rights of LGBT people and other vulnerable communities strongly suggests that he will continue to promote the anti-civil rights agenda of this administration, rather than exercise the kind of leadership and willingness to defend civil rights that is needed from the head of the Civil Rights Division perhaps now more than ever.
Instead, Mr. Dreiband chose to represent the University of North Carolina when it was sued by civil rights groups and the U.S. Department of Justice after North Carolina passed a law (HB2) restricting transgender people’s ability to access public restrooms. The nomination of an attorney who volunteered to join a litigation team seeking to frustrate the Civil Rights Division’s efforts to defend transgender people from discrimination is insulting not only to the LGBT community but to the career men and women of the Division who valiantly litigated that case for many months (until the Sessions Justice Department abandoned the litigation following a modification of the law). His nomination embodies this Justice Department’s lack of commitment to defending the civil rights of LGBT people.
While our concerns about his approach to issues of direct concern to LGBT Americans are significant, they are only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to this nominee. As is manifest from his record, Mr. Dreiband has an extensive track record of working to undermine civil rights in other spheres as well. For example, he represented Abercrombie & Fitch before the Supreme Court in a case where he made the losing argument that Muslim women should have to remove their headscarves in order to comply with the store’s “look” if they do not first explain to the company that the headscarf is worn as part of the Muslim religion. Fortunately, the Supreme Court rejected the position advanced by Mr. Dreiband in an 8-1 decision,10 but as with his participation in the HB2 litigation, his involvement in the Abercrombie case casts doubt on Mr. Dreiband’s capacity to lead the civil rights work of the Department of Justice.
Moreover, Mr. Dreiband represented a group of organizations in the Supreme Court seeking religious exemptions from the contraceptive requirement in the Affordable Care Act, an exemption which, if granted, would have made it much more difficult for women to access birth control through an employer-provided health plan.11 He advocated on behalf of Bloomberg, L.P. against 60 women who were challenging the company’s pregnancy leave practices. And perhaps most revealing of his personal views, Mr. Dreiband testified as a private citizen (not on behalf of a client) before Congress against the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, a law that helped ensure women could sue for discrimination even if their employer succeeded in keeping the discrimination hidden.12
Mr. Dreiband has also spent the vast majority of his career working to defeat worker protections. Notably, Mr. Dreiband has leveraged his brief tenure with the EEOC to testify against worker protections before Congress as a private citizen. For example, Mr. Dreiband testified in support of Federal legislation that would have significantly limited the EEOC’s ability to initiate or intervene in litigation. The bills failed to advance, but if passed, would have inhibited EEOC enforcement efforts by requiring the agency to prove that their conciliation efforts were made in “good faith.” In his testimony, Mr. Dreiband noted the EEOC’s findings that African Americans and Hispanics are arrested and incarcerated at rates disproportionate to their numbers, but testified in favor of legislation that would have made it more difficult for the EEOC to discourage employers from asking for criminal background information in the hiring process.13 Mr. Dreiband has repeatedly taken issue with measures such as “ban the box,” which would limit the unfair use of a job applicant’s conviction history in the hiring process.14 Mr. Dreiband also testified in his personal capacity against the Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act, legislation that would have lowered the burden on older workers to prove age discrimination.15
Mr. Dreiband’s lack of commitment to civil rights mirrors the lack of commitment to civil rights reflected in the Justice Department’s budget proposal. Notwithstanding the fact that the civil rights of vulnerable minorities are under unprecedented assault, the proposed 2018 budget for the Civil Rights Division would require the elimination of 121 positions, including 14 attorneys, and would roll back efforts to combat discrimination against LGBT people and people with disabilities, and civil rights abuses by law enforcement.16 The message being sent, first by the 2018 budget proposal and now by the nomination of Mr. Dreiband, could not be more clear: under President Trump and Attorney General Sessions, the Civil Rights Division will no longer be in the business of defending civil rights.
The Senate, however, need not roll over and let this happen. This body has an important role to play in deciding what direction the Civil Rights Division, the Department of Justice, and by extension, our country will go. Faced with the question of who will lead the Civil Rights Division, the Senate has an opportunity to send its own message, a message that communicates clearly and emphatically that civil rights enforcement is a key government function, and that the Department of Justice must protect and defend the rights of all citizens, not just those who command the President’s attention. Mr. Dreiband, with his track record of impeding and resisting civil rights, is simply not the right man for the job.
Thank you for considering our views on this important issue. Please do not hesitate to reach out if we can provide additional information throughout the confirmation process. You can reach us through Sharon McGowan, Director of Strategy for Lambda Legal, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Very truly yours,
Advocates for Youth
Bend the Arc Jewish Action
Bienestar Human Services
Bradbury-Sullivan LGBT Community Center
Brooklyn Community Pride Center
Canvas and Earth Studio
CenterLink: The Community of LGBT Centers
Family Equality Council
GLMA: Health Professionals Advancing LGBT Equality
LGBT Center Orange County
LGBT Community Center of Puerto Rico
Linda F. Fazio
Los Angeles LGBT Center
National Center for Lesbian Rights
National Center for Transgender Equality
National Coalition for LGBT Health
National Council of Jewish Women
National LGBTQ Task Force Action Fund
National Women’s Law Center
Open Arms Rape Crisis Center and LGBT+ Services
Out Boulder County
OutReach LGBT Community Center
People For the American Way
Pride at Work
Prism Youth Initiative
Resource Center (Dallas, TX)
Rockland County Pride Center
Secular Coalition for America
Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States
Solano Pride Center
The Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Southern Nevada
The LOFT LGBT Community Services Center
The Trevor Project
Transgender Law Center
Triangle Community Center
URGE: Unite for Reproductive & Gender Equity
Witness to Mass Incarceration
cc: United States Senate Judiciary Committee Members