Alveda King, director of African-American outreach for Priests for Life, joined End Times conspiracy theorist Rick Wiles on his “TruNews” program yesterday to discuss efforts to defund Planned Parenthood in the wake of a series of smear videos by an anti-abortion group.
Wiles told King that while GOP presidential frontrunner Donald Trump has said he supports maintaining federal funding for Planned Parenthood’s non-abortion services, “To me, the issue isn’t whether funding should be cut off, the issue is the arrest and imprisonment of Planned Parenthood officials. These people need to be in prison.”
King agreed that “legal penalties must be enforced” and “funding does need to be cut off” from the group, and blasted people who say that “Planned Parenthood still does some good” through women’s health services such as STI testing and providing affordable contraception.
Talking about Planned Parenthood’s wide-ranging women’s health services, she said, is like offering a guest to your home a brownie and sweet tea, but lacing the brownie with dog poop and the sweet tea with arsenic.
“Well that’s like you come over to my house — I live in the South — with some sweet tea, a nice brownie with a rich frosting on it,” she explained. “Now, I may lace the sweat tea with arsenic, you’ll never know because the sugar’s so sweet it will take over the bitterness until you fall and you die. … That nice little cupcake with the frosting on it, I took a secret ingredient out of the back yard where the dogs run around in the field, I took a little spoon of that but there was some little worm eggs in there, but later you wonder why you’re sick and dying.”
“So Planned Parenthood may be giving some services that appear to be good,” she concluded, “but at the end of the day, they’re doling out death.”
On his radio program yesterday, Bryan Fischer took a call from a listener who had a rather unique suggestion of what to do with people who illegally cross into America repeatedly: place them on military transport planes and then dump them out in the middle of nowhere.
"Mike from Virginia" told Fischer that repeat offenders "should be loaded on to C130s and para-dropped into Tierra del Fuego, and Nigeria, and North Vietnam" and Fischer thought that was a pretty good idea, though he did not necessarily support going to such extreme measures.
"What I would be in favor of," Fischer said, "is when we deport them, let's deport them as far away from the American border as we can. Return them to their home country, but as far away from the American border as is possible. If you take them across the border and deport them, they're just going to be right back. They may be right back on the same day, so there has to be some distance that you create and then people begin to understand, look, I'm going to have a find a way to migrate clear across the country to get back to my home, let alone make another stab at reentering the United States":
Gallups agreed with Robertson and warned that even greater forms of judgment are in store for the U.S. because of the country’s policies on abortion and homosexuality.
“How can we exterminate 55 million of our most precious national treasures and resources, our own children, and not expect God’s hand of judgment to eventually fall — and fall hard?” he asked WND. “How can we arrogantly usher in the Sodom and Gomorrah spirit of degradation and abomination; and then celebrate it, embrace it, glorify it, and codify it – while somehow expecting the author of life and marriage to remain silent?”
Pastor Carl Gallups, a former law-enforcement officer, talk-radio host and author of the upcoming book “Be Thou Prepared: Equipping the Church for Persecution and Times of Trouble,” believes hard times and even persecution are in store for American Christians. He thinks economic difficulties may only be the beginning.
“I am listening, along with the rest of America, to the various financial pundits insisting that what we are watching with the recent market percentage collapse is a ‘market correction’ or a ‘typical market drop’ for this time of year,” said Gallups.
“Those definitions may indeed prove to be true, in this particular case, as the next few weeks and months go by. But, I do know this – even if this particular financial disaster passes and/or corrects, America has a day of reckoning coming. And when it arrives, it will make what is happening now look like child’s play.”
When asked what he meant by that analysis, Gallups responded: “There is no way that we can teach our children – for several generations – that we originated from an accidental, random, cosmic explosion and that there is no need for God – and that the Bible is a simple collection of fairy tales and myths, without the Lord having His say in the matter. We are already paying the ‘reap what you sow’ curse, as we can see with the moral rot in our country. But there is worse yet to come if we don’t repent.”
Gallups continued: “How can we exterminate 55 million of our most precious national treasures and resources, our own children, and not expect God’s hand of judgment to eventually fall – and fall hard? How can we arrogantly usher in the Sodom and Gomorrah spirit of degradation and abomination; and then celebrate it, embrace it, glorify it, and codify it – while somehow expecting the author of life and marriage to remain silent?”
“I am not a ‘doomsday’ announcer by nature. But, I see the prophetic times in which we are living. I see the way we are turning from God and literally running in the other direction away from Him. Israel did the same thing and they eventually paid with their national sovereignty and centuries of horrific captivity in the hands of pagan nations. And it wasn’t as if God did not warn them of the judgment that would befall them if they did not repent. It seems to many biblical scholars as though we are running in the same path of that certain judgment.”
GOP presidential candidates Ted Cruz, Ben Carson and Bobby Jindal have joined Rick Santorum in signing the National Organization for Marriage’s presidential candidate pledge.
As we’ve reported, NOM’s pledge goes well beyond just banning same-sex marriage nationwide through a constitutional amendment. It also requires the candidate to vow to “prevent the promotion of a redefined version of marriage in public schools and other government entities” and direct the Justice Department to investigate the supposed harassment of gay marriage opponents.
Curiously, Carson told Rebecca Berg of RealClearPolitics that he is not in favor of a constitutional amendment to reverse the Supreme Court’s Obergefell decision, even though that is the very first clause in the NOM pledge that he has apparently signed.
The National Organization for Marriage (NOM) today identified four Republican presidential candidates they have dubbed "Marriage Champions" for having pledged to the American people that they will take several specific actions as president to restore marriage to the law and protect people of faith from discrimination because of their support for traditional marriage. NOM said that Sen. Ted, Cruz, Sen. Rick Santorum, Gov. Bobby Jindal and Dr. Ben Carson have emerged as the top candidates for marriage supporters.
1. Support a federal constitutional amendment that protects marriage as the union of one man and one woman.
2. Work to overturn the US Supreme Court's Obergefell decision that illegitimately imposed same-sex 'marriage' on every state in the nation, including nominating to the U.S. Supreme Court and federal bench judges who are committed to restraint and applying the original meaning of the Constitution, and appointing an attorney general similarly committed.
3. Conduct a review of actions taken by the Obama Administration that have undermined marriage and work to restore our policies to be consistent with the proper understanding of marriage as the union of one man and one woman. Consistent with this, prevent the promotion of a redefined version of marriage in public schools and other government entities.
4. Support the First Amendment Defense Act and other legislation that recognizes the right of organizations and individuals to act in the public square consistent with their belief that marriage is the union of one man and one woman without fear of retaliation from the government.
5. Direct the Department of Justice to investigate, document and publicize cases of Americans who have been harassed or threatened for exercising key civil rights to organize, to speak, to donate or to vote for marriage and to propose new protections, if needed.
"NOM has invited every candidate for president to sign our pledge, and we encourage those who have not yet signed to do so as soon as possible," Brown said. "We will not support a candidate for president who has not pledged to the American people to take specific actions in support of restoring marriage to our law and protecting people from government discrimination over their beliefs that marriage is the union of one man and one woman."
Brown said that several candidates have issued strong statements in support of marriage but have decided not to sign any pledges as a candidate. Governor Mike Huckabee covered marriage in his own pledge to the American people and Gov. Scott Walker has promised to support a constitutional amendment restoring true marriage.
On the Friday edition of his “Trunews” radio program, End Times preacher Rick Wiles said that the governor of Washington state could end the severe wildfires in the Pacific Northwest if he simply brought the state back into God’s good graces by banning abortion.
After quoting Gov. Jay Inslee’s remarks on the wildfires, Wiles urged the governor to “repent of your sins on behalf of the entire state” and “stop killing the babies in your abortion clinics.”
Scott shared a number of thoughts of her own on the issue, telling Noebel she would “confront hypocrisy” on the left even though she risked a “social jihad” in response to her comments.
Making clear for “all those haters out there” that she was just “asking the question,” Scott asked listeners to ponder this during a commercial break: “If homosexuality is something to be celebrated by the left, by Hollywood, then why does it need all of these protections? And if it needs these protections, then why do we promote it as an everyday lifestyle and a regular choice for our youth?”
After the break, she rephrased the question: “If homosexuality is truly just something that happens, then why, one, do we have to recruit it in our kindergarten through college-level educational system and, if it’s just an everyday thing, why does it need all these special protections in the civil rights?”
Scott also complained to Noebel that “it’s the left and the progressives who are always throwing the cards, whether it’s the black card, the sex card, the female card, the war on women,” saying that liberals are hypocritical to want gender equality when they are also fighting for transgender rights.
“They want 50 percent male and female [in the House and Senate] by the year 2020,” she said. “Well, my thought is, how can you do that? You don’t even want to call somebody a sex, that's a changeable thing every day.”
Iowa Religious Right activist and state Republican Party committeewoman Tamara Scott invited Summit Ministries founder David Noebel onto her “Truth for Our Time” radio program last week, where the two agreed that the ultimate goal of the “homosexual revolution” is to “destroy Christianity.”
Gay marriage, Noebel warned, is going to “affect everything,” pointing out that even before the Supreme Court ruled on marriage equality, children in public schools were learning about the existence of gay people, which he said amounts to “child molestation.”
“They were already down in kindergarten, first, second and third grades teaching the younger innocents,” he said, “And you talk about child molestation. This, to me, was child molestation. When you start teaching first-, second- and third-graders about the glories and wonders of the homosexual lifestyle, you know you’ve got a problem.”
Lamenting that “the Obama administration put a flaming homosexual in charge of a good portion of our public education,” he warned that “this is very serious stuff.”
“The game plan is to destroy Christianity,” he concluded, to Scott’s agreement. “That’s the game plan. Because they contend that Christianity has been very tough on the homosexuals for 2,000 years and now it’s time to get back at the whole thing and show them who’s really boss. So we’re in a very explosive cultural revolution.”
He added that he wasn’t sure if Western civilization could “survive another generation.”
On his radio program today, Bryan Fischer declared that God created the United States for the purpose of spreading the Gospel of Christ throughout the world and therefore illegal immigration must be stopped because it is causing division within the nation and sucking up valuable resources that could otherwise be used for spreading the Gospel.
"Our purpose as a nation," he said, "is to advance and expand the Kingdom of God. That is the calling that is on the United States ... And we have, up to this point in history, we have abundantly fulfilled that mission. The United States has invested more financial resources and sent more personnel carrying the message of the Gospel to more darkened corners of the world than any other place on the planet. And that is our calling and that is what illegal immigration is threatening."
"One of the things we need in order to carry out the Great Commission is a sense of national unity," Fischer continued. "We are one people with a common purpose, that has to do with the things of God, with expanding the reach of God, expanding the impact that God's kingdom and the Gospel has on the world. Well, you can't do that if you're fractured, if you're divided over race, if you're divided because you have people living illegally who don't even belong here, have no intention of assimilating, no intention of entering into that larger purpose for your nation. They're not going to be an asset to that; they're going to be a detraction to that. They're going to diminish the capacity of the country to do that."
The “700 Club” host has alleged that natural disasters and even terrorist attacks occur because God will no longer protect a country from harm or will actively seek to destroy it when it legalizes abortion, approves gay rights or, in Haiti’s case, makes a deal with the Devil.
Here are the five worst times Robertson claimed a disaster was punishment from God:
1) Liberals Caused The September 11 Attacks
Just two days after the September 11 attacks, Robertson invited Religious Right leader Jerry Falwell onto his program to discuss the attacks, which Falwell promptly blamed on “the pagans, and the abortionists, and the feminists, and the gays and the lesbians who are actively trying to make that an alternative lifestyle, the ACLU, People For the American Way, all of them who have tried to secularize America.” These groups, Falwell claimed, caused God “to lift the curtain and allow the enemies of America to give us probably what we deserve.”
Days after Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans in 2005, Robertson explained that God was no longer protecting the U.S. from danger because of the legalization of abortion. “Have we found we are unable somehow to defend ourselves against some of the attacks that are coming against us, either by terrorists or now by natural disaster?” he asked.
“We’re going to have to pay a price one of these days for what we’re doing,” he said years later regarding legal abortion. “Let’s hope that … the tide will begin to turn and we can avert the wrath of the Lord, but it will come upon this nation unless we do something.”
One day after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti took hundreds of thousands of lives, Robertson concluded that the devastating quake was divine retribution for Haitians’ ancestors having “swore a pact to the Devil” when they were rebelling against French colonial rule.
4) Gay People Are Inviting A Meteor
Back in 1998, Robertson was furious about a “Gay Day” taking place at Disney World and delivered a warning to Orlando that the festival would “bring terrorist bombs, it’ll bring earthquakes, tornadoes and possibly a meteor.”
“Every time the United States gets involved in some kind of a pressure on Israel to split their land there’s some natural disaster that happens here in America,” Robertson has said, most recently warning Secretary of State John Kerry that he is “asking for the wrath of Almighty God to fall on this nation” for his treatment of Israel
“I think this is headed for disaster for the United States,” he said. “We should do everything we can to restrain our leaders from this course of folly and it is a course of folly and it will result in terrible suffering for people in the United States.”
Ted Cruz is not only appealing to the evangelical vote, he’s fighting for Christians and for the lives of the unborn. His honest and obvious devotion to his Christian faith is one of the things that appeals to so many Americans. Approximately 1 in 4 voters have identified themselves as evangelical in exit polls since the 2004 election cycle. In key Republican contests such as Iowa and in some of the Southern states that Cruz has said are critical to his run, that figure was higher during the last presidential campaign — nearly 50 percent. The evangelical vote is key to Cruz’s campaign goals and strategies. He is gifted at motivating and mobilizing voters. He’s also the favorite son of the Tea Party conservatives. Cruz is just the warrior we have waited for.
Yesterday on “Washington Watch,” Family Research Council official Craig James spoke to Ken Barun of the Billy Graham Evangelical Association about Franklin Graham’s upcoming 50-state tour “to encourage Christians to get out and vote, and to cast their ballots for candidates who uphold biblical principles.”
Barun, who worked for Nancy Reagan in the White House, told James that upon seeing the White House lit up in “the gay colors” to celebrate LGBT Pride Month in June, “it was like someone stabbed me in the gut.”
“To cast sin in front of that house was abominable,” he said.
James agreed with Barun’s assessment, telling a story about how one of his friends thought his late grandparents “would throw up” if they knew what America is like today.
Glenn Beck opened his television program last night by warning his audience that yesterday's significant stock market decline was simply a foretaste of what we can expect to see when the massive global "correction" that he has been predicting for years finally hits.
"If we continue to follow progressive principles and, quite honestly, Common Core math," Beck warned, "we will repeat the same mistakes we made in the 1930s and the 1940s and the world will follow with fascism, communism, war, and hunger. It's going to happen, gang."
"You and I have been made fun of relentlessly for advising our friends to prepare," he continued. "Believe me, no one will be laughing when the chickens come home to roost ... It is not a matter of if; it is truly a matter of when. Are you prepared? Do you have food on hand? Do you have cash on hand? Do you have ammunition and guns and God, most importantly?"
At a campaign stop in Pella, Iowa, yesterday Gov. Bobby Jindal took a question from an audience member who asked if President Obama and Hillary Clinton realize that if they “sign off our sovereignty to have the United Nations rule whether we have weapons or not” by signing the U.N Arms Trade Treaty that it “will cause a civil war.”
Rather than pushing back against the questioner’s unfounded claims and dire warning about the treaty, Jindal promises the audience that “I’m not for giving one ounce of America’s sovereignty to the United Nations or any other international body, period” and boasted of having received an award from the NRA, which has been aggressively pushing the conspiracy theory that the U.N. treaty will lead to private gun confiscation in the U.S.
“This whole idea that we’ll give away America’s interests or rights to international bodies makes no sense to me and shouldn’t be done and no president should do that and no politician should support it,” Jindal said. “Any politician that says that shouldn’t get another vote and should be kicked out of office regardless of their other positions, quite frankly.”
Jindal then played directly to the questioner’s fears: “If they don’t want law-abiding citizens to have guns, they should change the Constitution, they should stop trying to take away or give away our rights. But you know, they just don’t trust us. Let’s be honest. They don’t want us to have First or Second or 10th Amendment rights. The left doesn’t think we’re smart enough to live our own lives.”
Robertson fielded a question on today’s “The 700 Club” from a viewer who wanted to know why American society is “so sad and lost in the 21st century.” Robertson promptly blamed the Supreme Court for removing the influence of the Bible from society with its rulings on the separation of church and state, abortion rights, homosexuality and gay marriage.
“What have we done?” he asked. “The Supreme Court has ruled against prayer and Bible study in the schools, it has ruled against almost everything having to do with religion in our public life, it has ruled that abortion is a constitutional right, it has ruled that homosexuality is a constitutional right, it has now ruled that homosexual marriage is a constitutional right.”
Robertson continued: “It has done everything it can, and schools and educators throughout the society have done everything they can to turn us away from God. It is small wonder that our society is in chaos and it will be small wonder if God doesn’t judge us. It’s just a question of how soon judgment is going to fall on this nation.”
On Friday, Ted Cruz held a "Rally for Religious Liberty" in Iowa where the Republican presidential hopeful showcased a handful of Christians who have supposedly been persecuted for their religious beliefs and opposition to gay marriage.
Prior to the event, Cruz sat down with Ed Berliner on Newsmax to discuss the issue, which Cruz blamed on "liberal fascism" which has a "hatred and intolerance for Christians."
Berliner asked Cruz how he planned to bring both sides together when the Republican Party has a reputation that it "does not like homosexuals, that you are anti-gay" and that it supports anti-gay discrimination. Cruz, predictably, refused to address that issue, insisting simply that "I'm a Christian and Scripture commands Christians to love everybody" before declaring that the real issue is the supposed government persecution of people of faith.
After absurdly asserting that Christian business owners should not have to provide services to a gay couple any more than a Muslim imam should be forced to conduct a Jewish wedding, Cruz blamed it all on "liberal fascists" who hate freedom and American values.
"What we're seeing now," he said, "is this liberal fascism and intolerance where their object is to persecute, to punish, to fine any Bible-following Christian or believer that believes in the biblical definition of marriage as the union of one man and one woman. And that is profoundly inconsistent with who we are as Americans."
Berliner then again attempted to get Cruz to explain how, while holding such a position, he could ever hope to convince gay activists that he doesn't hate them, and again Cruz wasn't interested in answering that question.
"There are some activists who, frankly, manifest a hatred and intolerance for Christians, who are persecuting Christians," Cruz said. "That is unfortunate. As I said, I think we should love everybody."
Cruz then went on to declare that religious liberty was "the foundational right upon which this nation was built and, for I, am proud to stand with these heroes gathered tonight to defend religious liberty."
Donald Trump has really perfected the art of Twitter, using it as a platform to peddle right-wing conspiracy theories about everything from climate change to President Obama’s birth certificate.
In a recent Twitter storm, Trump retweeted followers who attacked Fox News anchor Megyn Kelly — who faced heated attacks from the Trump campaign for her role as a moderator in the opening GOP presidential debate — as a “bimbo” and went after Jeb Bush for knowing how to “speak Mexican.”
Trump, who recently posted a video that used comments from Bush’s mother to mock the candidate and retweeted a follower who wrote that Bush “has to like the Mexican Illegals because of his wife,” also tweeted that the former governor is “ashamed” of his family:
The National Organization for Marriage today released a list of donors to its successful 2009 campaign to overturn Maine’s marriage equality law, revealing that one activist, New York hedge fund manager and social conservative megadonor, almost single-handedly funded the effort.
NOM revealed the source of the $2 million that it funneled to Stand for Marriage Maine to fight the marriage equality law after a court found that NOM had attempted to “shield its donors and skirt Maine’s donor disclosure law.” According to the Portland Press Herald, NOM’s $2 million in contributions made up approximately two-thirds of Stand for Marriage Maine’s budget for the campaign.
According to NOM’s filing, only one major donor to its Maine campaign lived in the state, and $1.25 million of its funding — nearly half of the total ultimately spent by Stand for Marriage Maine — came from Fieler.
Right-wing talk radio host Michael Savage visited the Metropolitan Museum of Art recently and was shocked to discover that several Muslim women were similarly enjoying the museum’s cultural offerings, he reported on Friday.
After praying that the U.S. will soon “get a president who A) loves America and B) changes everything in America back to the way it was” and that the country will “stop bringing in haters of America,” Savage said he was “perplexed” to see “a fair number of women in burqas or head coverings” during his recent trip to the museum.
“I asked myself, why are they in this citadel of Western civilization?” he said. “Their culture stands opposed to Western civilization, they seem to hate Western civilization, what are they doing here? I didn’t understand it. What are they walking around a museum for if they hate everything about Western civilization?”
Savage continued: “You come to America as a tourist, you’re wearing a headscarf or a burqa and you look like you’re from the deep part of that culture that you’re portraying with your chattel bondage, why are you in a museum that represents Western civilization at its finest? What are you gaining from this? And if you like it so much, why don’t you join Western civilization instead of frowning upon it?”
Over the weekend, members of the Satanic Temple's Detroit chapter showed up to counter anti-abortion protests outside of Planned Parenthood facilities, at one point dumping gallons of milk over the heads of participants. Glenn Beck took some time to analyze this milk protest on his radio show today, telling his audience that he was positive there was some hidden but extremely important spiritual significance to the act.
"I'll bet you there is an ancient Moloch ritual that includes using milk like that," Beck said. "I'll bet you that has significance ... I'll bet you there is an ancient ritualistic evil reason they used milk."
Beck was so confident about this, in fact, that he had his staff get in touch with Rabbi Daniel Lapin so that he could call into the program to confirm Beck’s suspicion. But while Lapin is generally a reliable source for validating and promoting the sort of quasi-spiritualnonsensethat Beck loves, today he wasn't quite capable of meeting Beck's needs, despite his best efforts.
While telling Beck that his "instincts are, once again, spot on," Lapin basically spent the next several minutes just rambling incoherently about Occupy Wall Street, anal sex, and the fact that God "implanted in us a perverse and strange yearning to, in fact, seek death."
"The very first connection with life is the substance called milk," Lapin said, "so there is something rather brilliantly perverse about the Satanists choosing the substance. And I think whether they were consciously aware of this or not, I think everybody who reads about it gets a sort of sudden shock and thrill at seeing this bizarre juxtaposition where they're basically saying, 'Get out of here your pro-lifers, we want Planned Parenthood to continue dismembering tiny human beings' and the substance they use is exactly the substance that tiny human beings live on!"
Last Friday, right-wing pastor and Fox News contributor E.W. Jackson appeared on the Family Research Council’s “Washington Watch” program to advertise a press conference and rally he is organizing with the Media Research Center to demand the National Portrait Gallery remove a bust of Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger from its “The Struggle for Justice” exhibit.
Jackson told FRC President Tony Perkins, the host of the program, that Sanger’s statue belongs in a “Hall of Infamy or Shame” that includes “Ku Klux Klansmen, Adolf Hitler and Mao Zedong,” saying that she doesn’t belong alongside “Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks as if she was some hero of justice.”
After Perkins falsely claimed that Sanger wanted to “eliminate the black race,” Jackson accused liberals of “rewriting history.”
There is a striking kinship between our movement and Margaret Sanger's early efforts. She, like we, saw the horrifying conditions of ghetto life. Like we, she knew that all of society is poisoned by cancerous slums. Like we, she was a direct actionist - a nonviolent resister. She was willing to accept scorn and abuse until the truth she saw was revealed to the millions. At the turn of the century she went into the slums and set up a birth control clinic, and for this deed she went to jail because she was violating an unjust law. Yet the years have justified her actions. She launched a movement which is obeying a higher law to preserve human life under humane conditions. Margaret Sanger had to commit what was then called a crime in order to enrich humanity, and today we honor her courage and vision; for without them there would have been no beginning. Our sure beginning in the struggle for equality by nonviolent direct action may not have been so resolute without the tradition established by Margaret Sanger and people like her. Negroes have no mere academic nor ordinary interest in family planning. They have a special and urgent concern.
Recently the subject of Negro family life has received extensive attention. Unfortunately, studies have overemphasized the problem of the Negro male ego and almost entirely ignored the most serious element - Negro migration. During the past half century Negroes have migrated on a massive scale, transplanting millions from rural communities to crammed urban ghettoes. In their migration, as with all migrants, they carried with them the folkways of the countryside into an inhospitable city slum. The size of family that may have been appropriate and tolerable on a manually cultivated farm was carried over to the jammed streets of the ghetto. In all respects Negroes were atomized, neglected and discriminated against. Yet, the worst omission was the absence of institutions to acclimate them to their new environment. Margaret Sanger, who offered an important institutional remedy, was unfortunately ignored by social and political leaders in this period. In consequence, Negro folkways in family size persisted. The problem was compounded when unrestrained exploitation and discrimination accented the bewilderment of the newcomer, and high rates of illegitimacy and fragile family relationships resulted.