On "The 700 Club" today, Pat Robertson praised a man who banned his gay grandson from bringing a "friend" to Thanksgiving dinner because "there's a real good chance that he might come out of that so-called lifestyle" as long as the family does not condone his behavior.
Fielding a question from a grandfather who had told his grandson that "the presence of his sex partners would not be welcome in our home," especially on Thanksgiving, Robertson praised him for "taking the right stand."
"Otherwise you become an enabler," he said, "and you're condoning that. The chances are there's a real good chance that he might come out of that so-called lifestyle, but if you're going along with it, he says, 'Well, mom likes it, so it's okay.'"
"He's trying to get you to affirmatively accept what he's doing," Robertson continued. "He's trying to force you to do something."
Comparing the situation to one in which someone tries to bring a stripper to Thanksgiving dinner, Robertson said "it's outrageous that he would do that, but that's what's happening ... Let's push people to see how far they'll bend and what you're doing is exactly right, saying, 'I'm not going to let it happen.'"
Trump’s description of his plan lacked details, but, of course, centered on the great “deals” that he would cut with health care providers, meaning that most people would choose private insurance because they would have a “great plan” and everybody else would go to hospitals for care “because you make a deal with these hospitals so they can’t rip off the country.”
“We can make a deal with hospitals where the people who can’t buy their plan — which will not be that much because everyone’s going to want to be private, everybody’s going to want to buy these plans — but we can make a deal where we take care of people with hospitals,” he said.
Trump repeatedly defended the necessity of universal health care, saying, “I don’t want to see people dying in the streets,” but insisted that what he was advocating was not “socialized medicine” because “I don’t put a label on it.”
“I keep talking about the Republicans, they have heart, but some people would [say], oh, is this socialized medicine?” he said. “It’s just, it’s not, I don’t put a label on it.”
Al Mohler, an influential Southern Baptist leader and president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, is releasing a new book this month that urges conservative Christians to boycott gay people’s weddings — including their own children’s — lest they signal “moral approval” of the marriage. But at the same time, Mohler is under attack from some on the Religious Right for being not harsh enough on LGBT issues because he recently criticized “ex-gay” therapy, saying that many people will face a “lifelong battle” with “these patterns of sin” rather than being easily changed.
Among those slamming Mohler is Americans for Truth About Homosexuality’s Peter LaBarbera, who told Janet Mefferd last week that Mohler was leading a “retreat” in the culture war because he suggested that sexual orientations are something that exist.
“Al Mohler has given credence to the idea of homosexual sexual orientation,” LaBarbera said. “And we know that sexual orientation is a political construct, it’s something that’s helped the homosexual movement advance. Because if people feel that people who struggle with homosexuality have a natural so-called orientation, they of course believe that they’re not really responsible for their behavior as much as they would be for any other sin. So, once again, we start treating this particular sin as a special sin needing all sorts of special terminology and semantics and caveats that are not biblical. And I think he’s starting to go down that route and it troubles me, because he’s probably regarded as the leading intellectual, one of them, in the evangelical Christian movement."
On his "Prophetic Perspective on Current Events" program earlier this week, Rick Joyner continued to suggest that Donald Trump might be the candidate who God is raising up to save this nation because he is the only candidate who is "humble" enough.
Citing Trump's recent meeting with a group of fringe and extremist Christian leaders, Joyner declared that the GOP presidential hopeful demonstrated that he was "teachable" and "humble" and "incredibly respectful" at that participants left the meeting "amazed at his humility."
"I don't think there is anyone that we could elect to the presidency," Joyner said, "that is going to fix the mess we're in right now. They really are beyond human remedy, we need the favor of God. And God gives His grace to the humble ... I'm wondering if Donald Trump may be one of the most humble of the candidates."
Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach is a leader of the GOP’s anti-immigrant and restrictive voting efforts, and has been trying out some of his most extreme ideas in his home state.
Kobach helped to push through one of the nation’s most restrictive voting laws, requiring people registering to vote to produce documentation of citizenship, such as a birth certificate. Because of this law, 36,000 people in Kansas have started voter registrations but not completed them, and now Kobach is purging that list of people who haven’t followed up to complete their registrations.
An analysis by The New York Times of the list of voters showed that more than half of them were under 35, and 20 percent were from 18 to 20 years old. Fifty-seven percent of the people on the list did not declare a party; 23 percent were Democrats; and 18 percent were Republicans. The vast majority — 90 percent — had never voted before.
“This disproportionately hits 18- to 24-year-olds,” said Jamie Shew, a Democrat and the county clerk for Douglas County, Kan. “For a lot of them, they say, ‘I’m not going to worry about it.’ They’re busy and this is just one more thing to do.”
Under the law, which was passed in 2011, registrants must prove citizenship by producing a document from an approved list, which includes birth certificates, passports and naturalization records. They may bring the document to a county clerk’s office or email a photo of it. Under Mr. Kobach’s new rule, if they fail to do so, they would be removed from the voters list after 90 days. Residents can try to register again even after being removed from the list.
The 36,000 people on the list represent about 2 percent of the state’s 1.7 million registered voters. The Wichita Eagle reported in September that more than 16 percent of people who have tried to register to vote since the law went into effect in January 2013 have been placed on the list.
Nothing seems to irritate Glenn Beck quite like people who mock or dismiss his self-proclaimed prophetic ability to predict the future. Whenever anyone dares to do so, Beck is quick to respond with a rundown off all of the things he claims to have predicted years before they came to fruition, ranging from 9/11, to the 2008 economic crisis, to the rise of "the Caliphate."
Just last weekend, Beck fumed on Facebook that if someone was able to predict the stock market as accurately as he has been able to predict the future, that person would he hailed as "an oracle":
I can tell you what happens in the next five years. But no one has asked me.
Wouldn't someone who nailed the stock market this accurately be called an oracle even if he was wrong on other things?
If he predicted the 08 market crash (which by the way I did beginning in 04), wouldn't someone want to know what he says is coming next?
Beck could tell us "what happens in the next five years," he says, if we would just be willing to ask.
That is an interesting boast, especially since today marks the second anniversary of a screaming meltdown in which Beck warned that America was "definitely" two years away from a time when he would be forced out of business as the nation descended into a dystopian nightmare.
"I think a year from now, definitely two, most Americans are going to be working part-time," Beck said on October 15, 2013. "There will be some IMF global tax that will add an extra 10 percent on everything and people like me will be out of business."
The elite, Beck went on to warn, would have access to things like Google glasses while the rest of society would be reduced to "little worker bees" who, through Common Core, would be trained to serve as nothing more than cogs for the corporations.
"This isn't science fiction, this is science fact!" Beck screamed. "You pieces of garbage, you people in the press, open your damn eyes!"
Somehow, none of that has happened despite Beck's prophecy that it was all "definitely" just two years away, which is difficult for us to comprehend, especially since Beck has also assured us that he is always two years ahead of everyone else in knowing what is coming just around the corner.
On yesterday’s “Washington Watch” program, the Family Research Council’s Tony Perkins and Jerry Boykin reacted to Army Secretary John McHugh’s recent statement that if “your objective is true and pure equality” in the military, then women will eventually be required to register for the draft.
Perkins and Boykin were, unsurprisingly, not too happy about this.
“Let me go on record, General,” Perkins said. “I like the difference between the sexes. I like the smell of perfume. Look, I’m fine with wearing cologne but I don’t want to smell some other cologne. I like perfume. I like the fact that there’s a difference between men and women. In western civilization for the longest, we have not only protected that but we’ve elevated in many ways the status of women in our society by treating them differently.”
“This is the natural progression as we’ve seen the emasculation of our culture. And that’s what’s really behind this, is to say there’s no difference between men and women,” he added.
On "The 700 Club" today, Pat Robertson fielded a logical question from a viewer who wanted to know why Robertson has had to undergovarioussurgeries if faith is all that it takes to heal any medical condition.
"Why have you undergone surgeries if your faith would be enough?" asked the viewer, prompting Robertson to struggle to provide a coherent answer.
"I don't think that religion, faith and medicine are necessarily enemies," he said, arguing that sometimes the answer to prayer is found in a doctor's office.
"I don't know what else to say," Robertson finally admitted. "If you have enough faith ... maybe I don't have enough, but I have enough for other people."
During today's broadcast, "The 700 Club" featured a story about the wrongful termination lawsuit filed by former Atlanta fire chief Kelvin Cochran after he was fired for having distributed an anti-gay book he had written to several coworkers.
Pat Robertson, of course, was outraged by the story and demanded to know why Black Lives Matter activists were not rallying to Cochran's defense.
"This is a shocking thing," Robertson said. "He is a black man. Where are the black people? Black Lives Matter, why don't they stand up and talk about Chief Cochran? It's time that they stand for one of their own."
Robertson went on to fume that "surveys show one percent of the American people are lesbian and perhaps four percent, maybe five percent, are homosexual. That's it! Are we going to allow this tiny minority to take away the jobs of people who believe contrary to their beliefs? What kind of a nation do we have?"
"Don't let this country turn into Russia," he warned.
In an interview with Iowa talk radio host Jan Mickelson yesterday, GOP presidential candidate Mike Huckabee falsely suggested that the U.S. is not thoroughly vetting the Syrian refugees it is accepting, saying that unlike Vietnamese refugees who were resettled in the U.S. after the Vietnam War, Syrians are merely seeking U.S. benefits because they are “not living a very fancy life.”
The U.S. should not let Syrian refugees “get on a plane and send them to the United States and be in a culture that they’re totally unprepared for, and perhaps we’re unprepared for why they’re coming,” Huckabee said.
“This country is willing to take in people who are desperate,” he said. “I remember after the Vietnam War, Arkansas took in an enormous number of Vietnamese refugees. And guess what? Those folks worked their tails off, they learned English, their kids ended up becoming the valedictorians half the time. But that was because they wanted to come to America, they wanted freedom, and they decided that they wanted to be part of this great country. And they have certainly succeeded at that, owning businesses and prospering. But just to say that if somebody is not living a very fancy life and they’d like to come here because we’ve given them free benefits, no, we can’t do that.”
American Family Radio, the radio network operated by the American Family Association, held a fundraising drive today during which AFA President Tim Wildmon called up Mike Huckabee to ask for his words of support.
The GOP presidential candidate hailed Wildmon’s media outlet for promoting the “voice of Christian America,” gushing that the network offers information that people “are not going to get on NPR.”
Of course, American Family Radio is the home of some of the most virulent radio commentators out there, including Bryan Fischer, who was so extreme and bigoted that he was denounced by the GOP’s last presidential nominee, Mitt Romney, for his “poisonous language.”
In the past, Huckabee has been a guest on Fischer’s show, “Focal Point,” where he suggested that President Obama’s youth was infused with anti-American and Islamic teachings. In a previous appearance on Wildmon’s program, the former Arkansas governor threatened to quit the Republican Party if it didn’t condemn gay marriage more passionately.
It would be odd if Huckabee wasn’t aware of all of the insane conspiracy theories and bigoted statements made by hosts such as Fischer, Wildmon and Sandy Rios, who anchors the network’s morning program.
One thing that you can count on when it comes to David Barton is that once he has adopted a talking point, he is going to continue to endlessly repeat it regardless of how false or misleading it may be.
Last month, Barton and Glenn Beck unveiled the results of a survey that they had commissioned Christian pollster George Barna to conduct for the purpose of finding out what sorts of issues average churchgoing Christians wanted to hear their pastors preach about from the pulpits.
Or at least, that is how Barton has been presenting it.
In reality, Barna's survey was heavily biased since a whopping 92 percent of those surveyed were "spiritually active Christians who hold politically conservative views." In other words, Barna's survey represents only the views of Religious Right and conservative Christian activists, but Barton has misleadingly presented it time and again as representing the views of all Christians.
"Christians, in particular, are saying , 'We need some clarity for ourselves and for our kids, we need to know what the Bible says on certain issues,'" Barton stated. "Well, what issues do Christians want to know about? And so we commissioned a poll, George Barna, national pollster, went to the field and asked Christians, 'What is it you want clear guidance on from the Bible? What do you want to hear from your religious leaders?'"
"It came back," he continued, "that of those who said it is critically important or very important for me and my family to hear a biblical perspective ... The number one issue is abortion. Ninety-one percent of Christians said, 'I need to hear about abortion from church leaders.'"
Wiles declared that America is on the brink of destruction because its policymakers have embraced sin and persecuted people like Kim Davis. In retaliation, he said, God will send an "invading army" — possibly the "millions of Muslims" that President Obama "wants to bring into this country" — to conquer the U.S.
"We have institutionalized America's rebellion against God, it's now the law of the land and if you oppose it you are the criminal in this new paradigm," he said. "Now God's people are going to be punished for obeying God, as we saw with Kim Davis and we're going to see with a lot of people who are going to stand up and say, 'I will not disobey God,' and then they're going to say, 'Then you're going to go to prison, you're going to lose your job, you're going to lose your business.'"
Wiles added that eventually "there will be an invading army that will spew these people out of this land, this country will cease to exist as it has been for 300 years, there will be another race of people here, living in our houses, using our resources, dwelling in our cities, there will be another race of people here."
Yesterday, Planned Parenthood released a statement saying that of its three clinics that currently participate in fetal tissue research programs, the two clinics that accept reimbursements for expenses related to the donation of such tissue will cover their own costs from now on. Federal law already permits reimbursements to cover donation expenses and no investigation has ever found Planned Parenthood to be in violation of that law.
However, Sen. Ted Cruz has taken Planned Parenthood's statement as an admission of guilt that it was breaking the law, which shows that he either doesn't know the law or is willfully misrepresenting it to voters.
The Texas Republican told Newsmax host Ed Berliner yesterday that he is "glad that they've announced to stop committing federal felonies," insisting that Planned Parenthood was "caught on film repeatedly violating federal law, essentially admitting to a pattern of felonies." He then repeated his pledge to immediately launch a Justice Department investigation into the organization once elected president.
David Gibson at the Religion News Service reports on a new directive from Newark Archbishop John Myers, who “has given his priests strict guidelines on refusing Communion to Catholics who, for example, support gay marriage or whose own marriage is not valid in the eyes of the church.” The guideline was distributed as the Catholic Church's Synod on the Family is under way in Rome.
Gibson notes that Myers orders parishes and Catholic organizations not to host people or groups that disagree with church teachings. And the language of Myers’ memo actually goes even further:
Non-Catholics and any Catholic who publically rejects Church teaching or discipline, either by public statement or by joining or supporting organizations which do so, are not to receive the Sacraments.
By that definition, could any member of the Democratic Party receive communion in the Archdiocese of Newark?
A spokesman for Myers confirmed to Gibson that same-sex unions were part of the consideration in writing the memo to ensure that “Catholic teaching is adhered to in all situations.”
On Monday, "Trunews" host Rick Wiles sounded off against President Obama's Columbus Day proclamation, incensed that the president would dare mention how Columbus' expedition affected American Indians.
"The reason Barack Obama can't celebrate Columbus Day as a normal, patriotic American citizen," Wiles reasoned, is because "Christopher Columbus was a white, European, Italian. Mr. Obama is a racist. He is the most racist man ever to occupy the White House."
Wiles went on to claim that Obama also dislikes Columbus due to the explorer's Christian faith and "because Columbus knew that America would play a role in the war with Islam in the Last Days, and Mr. Obama is a Muslim jihadist. Mr. Obama is carrying out jihad against America."
Directed by Darren Doane, perhaps best known for directing Kirk Cameron's "Saving Christmas," which is literally one of the worst films ever made, the new movie presents Wilson's experience of going up against the left-wing "tolerance buzzsaw" and, amazingly, features appearances by Ted Cruz and Ben Carson:
The Free Speech Apocalypse exposes the strategies of the anti-God, anti-traditional, hyper-liberal elite and offers perspective on the cultural decay that has accelerated across the country over the three years since Wilson's visit to Indiana University.
Worst yet, The Free Speech Apocalypse demonstrates clearly the erosion of free speech and religious liberty in America. The right to hold your own opinions if they differ from leftist agendas is vanishing at an alarming rate, and it's time for ordinary Americans to wake up and speak out.
This documentary features (among others) Sweet Cakes owners Aaron and Melissa Klein, as well as presidential candidates Ted Cruz and Dr. Ben Carson outlining the concerns they have that unelected judges are ruling against the common citizen's Constitutional right to free speech.
Why are GOP presidential candidates appearing in a film promoting someone who holds these sorts of view?
Wilson runs an extreme right religious empire in Moscow, Idaho, that includes a church, Canon Press, and New Saint Andrews College. Popular in neo-Confederate circles as well, he co-wrote a partly plagiarized booklet, Southern Slavery, As It Was, defending Old South slavery; his co-author was Steve Wilkins, a founding member of the neo-secessionist and racist League of the South.
Southern Slavery, As It Was is a repulsive apologia for the enslavement of black Americans. Among other things, the booklet contends that, “Slavery as it existed in the South … was a relationship based upon mutual affection and confidence. … There has never been a multiracial society which has existed with such mutual intimacy and harmony in the history of the world.”
When a University of Idaho professor revealed in 2004 that Wilson’s booklet contained 22 passages plagiarized from a discredited 1974 academic treatise, Wilson scoffed, deriding the “local Banshees” who criticized him over what he portrayed as a mere citation problem. Canon Press then issued a “corrected” version of the booklet — correct in its citations, but unchanged in its portrayal of happy and well-fed slaves whose relationship with their masters was one of mutual affection.
Wilson’s views on other issues are just as extreme. Woman “was created to be dependent and responsive to a man,” he has written. If a woman is raped, the rapist should pay the father a bride price and then, if the father approves, marry his victim. Homosexuals, Wilson says, are “sodomites” and “people with foul sexual habits.” Wilson recently told Christianity Today that he’s in favor of the “exile [of] some homosexuals, depending on the circumstances and the age of the victim.” He added, “There are circumstances where I’d be in favor of execution for adultery.” Cursing one’s parents is likewise “deserving of punishment by death.” Though he admits the scripture does not forbid interracial marriage, Wilson warns that, “wise parents” will carefully weigh any union involving “extremely diverse cultural backgrounds.”
Earlier this year, Rand Paul, Mike Huckabee and various Republican members of Congress appeared in another right-wing anti-gay documentary alongside a Religious Right activist who openly calls for gays and all those how refuse to submit to Christianity to be put to death.
Are GOP presidential hopefuls utterly incapable of doing any research or vetting before agreeing to appear in these sorts of films?
Rafael Cruz, the father and presidential campaign surrogate of Sen. Ted Cruz, will be speaking at this month’s World Congress of Families (WCF) event in Salt Lake City, according to what appears to be a recent addition to the event’s schedule. Cruz will be speaking alongside WCF founder Allan Carlson and Mark Regnerus, a sociologist whose discredited research on gay parents has been used to fight LGBT rights throughout the world:
Anti-LGBT activism is only part of WCF’s mission to promote the “natural family,” a concept laid out in a manifesto by the event’s founder, Allan Carlson of the Howard Center for Family, Religion and Society. As we explained last month, Carlson’s concept of the “natural family” is one that excludes not only LGBT people but also full rights for women:
The World Congress of Families exists to promote what Carlson calls the “ natural family” — something that does not include LGBT people, reproductive rights or, often, women working outside the home.
In their “Natural Family: A Manifesto,” Carlson and Paul Mero, then the president of the Sutherland Institute, which is hosting next month’s event in Utah, laid out their vision of a world full of homes “open to a quiver of children,” with “young women growing into wives, homemakers, and mothers” and “young men growing into husbands, homebuilders, and fathers.” They call for “more babies and larger families” to counter the “war on human fertility”; gay marriage bans and tight divorce restrictions to “end the war of the sexual hedonists on marriage”; and the abolition of “state programs that indoctrinate children … youth, and adults into the contraceptive mentality.”
“We will craft schooling that gives positive images of chastity, marriage, fidelity, motherhood, fatherhood, husbandry, and housewifery. We will end the corruption of children through state ‘sex education’ programs,” they add.
Mission America's Linda Harvey is furious at Southern Baptist Convention official Rev. Al Mohler for his recent remark that the "Christian church has sinned against the LGBT community” by approaching LGBT issues “in a superficial way.”
As Harvey put it in her WorldNetDaily column today, "The self-labeled 'LGBT community' as a lobby does not deserve the apologies of the Christian church. Instead, this revolutionary collective needs to apologize to Christians, to families and to America for dragging us into a sewer and manipulating believers to go there with them."
She added that the LGBT community must also apologize for marriage equality and pride parades, especially to children.
The self-labeled “LGBT community” as a lobby does not deserve the apologies of the Christian church. Instead, this revolutionary collective needs to apologize to Christians, to families and to America for dragging us into a sewer and manipulating believers to go there with them.
We deserve an apology for the sin of homosexual pride parades. We deserve an apology for demanding the framework of marriage be re-made in your image, instead of the structure designed by God.
Our children deserve an apology for the millstone-worthy offense of being led into sin, being taught the lie that people are born to engage in sodomy or to amputate healthy body parts. The resulting corruption of untold numbers of children can only be surmised.
An apology needs to come from the Human Rights Campaign, Fairness Louisville, GLAAD, NGLTF and many other groups. Their leaders are in serious spiritual danger unless they repent.
Just weeks after praising Planned Parenthood supporter Rosa Parks, Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, has sent a letter [PDF] to the National Portrait Gallery demanding that the Smithsonian museum remove a bust of Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger from its “Struggle for Justice” exhibit, which features well-known leaders of social movements.
Cruz, in a letter drafted with Rep. Louie Gohmert, R-Texas, and joined by two dozen House Republicans, tells the gallery’s director that the presence of the bust “is an affront both to basic human decency and the very meaning of justice.” After citing the discredited claim that Planned Parenthood sells fetal tissue for profit, the group then badly twists a Sanger quote, “We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population.”
In Sanger’s letter, which you can find here, she was saying that she wanted black leaders to join her effort to promote birth control access because she was afraid that opponents would disseminate such unfounded rumors, which is ironically exactly what Cruz and Gohmert did with their letter.
While Sanger was a believer in eugenics, so were many leaders of her time, including Winston Churchill. Ironically, Cruz consistently says on the stump that one of his first acts as president would be putting a bust of Churchill in the Oval Office. (The Obama administration’s decision not to hold onto a Churchill bust that the British government had temporarily loaned to George W. Bush has become a frequent point of attack from the Right, despite the fact that there is another Churchill bust still in the White House residence.)
Nevertheless, Cruz and Gohmert go on to say that Sanger’s “racist views have had a very real and devastating impact on the widespread destruction of unborn human life — especially in minority communities.”
The signers include anti-choice stalwarts Rep. Trent Franks, R-Ariz., Rep. Chris Smith, R-N.J., Rep. Randy Neugebauer, R-Texas, Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, and Rep. Marsha Blackburn, R-Tenn., who is slated to chair a House special committee targeting Planned Parenthood.
The letter appears to be part of a larger campaign launched by extremist pastor E.W. Jackson to remove the bust from the gallery. Jackson said that Sanger’s presence in the gallery would dishonor civil rights leaders like Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. However, like Parks, King was a supporter of Planned Parenthood and praised Margaret Sanger for her “courage and vision.”
There is a striking kinship between our movement and Margaret Sanger's early efforts. She, like we, saw the horrifying conditions of ghetto life. Like we, she knew that all of society is poisoned by cancerous slums. Like we, she was a direct actionist - a nonviolent resister. She was willing to accept scorn and abuse until the truth she saw was revealed to the millions. At the turn of the century she went into the slums and set up a birth control clinic, and for this deed she went to jail because she was violating an unjust law. Yet the years have justified her actions. She launched a movement which is obeying a higher law to preserve human life under humane conditions. Margaret Sanger had to commit what was then called a crime in order to enrich humanity, and today we honor her courage and vision; for without them there would have been no beginning. Our sure beginning in the struggle for equality by nonviolent direct action may not have been so resolute without the tradition established by Margaret Sanger and people like her. Negroes have no mere academic nor ordinary interest in family planning. They have a special and urgent concern.
Recently the subject of Negro family life has received extensive attention. Unfortunately, studies have overemphasized the problem of the Negro male ego and almost entirely ignored the most serious element - Negro migration. During the past half century Negroes have migrated on a massive scale, transplanting millions from rural communities to crammed urban ghettoes. In their migration, as with all migrants, they carried with them the folkways of the countryside into an inhospitable city slum. The size of family that may have been appropriate and tolerable on a manually cultivated farm was carried over to the jammed streets of the ghetto. In all respects Negroes were atomized, neglected and discriminated against. Yet, the worst omission was the absence of institutions to acclimate them to their new environment. Margaret Sanger, who offered an important institutional remedy, was unfortunately ignored by social and political leaders in this period. In consequence, Negro folkways in family size persisted. The problem was compounded when unrestrained exploitation and discrimination accented the bewilderment of the newcomer, and high rates of illegitimacy and fragile family relationships resulted.