Community Voice or Captive of the Right? A Closer Look at the Black Alliance for Educational Options

End Notes and Acknowledgements

Endnotes

  1. Price, Joyce Howard. “Poor Youths Need School Choice, Alliance Says,” Washington Times, August 25, 2000. A downloadable press release from BAEO’s Web site provides information on specifically which newspapers and radio and television markets ads ran on.

  2. Reid, Karla Scoon. “Black Alliance Weighs in With Pro-Voucher Campaign,” Education Week, May 30, 2001, accessed online July 6, 2001 via: http://www.edweek.com/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=38baeo.h20&keywords=karla%20scoon%20reid

  3. Kleder, Martha. “Minority Groups Weighs in for School Choice,” Family News In Focus, November 27, 2000.

  4. Henry, Tamara. “Alliance Promotes Vouchers,” USA Today, A1, May 7, 2001.

  5. “Milwaukee Employers Join Black Alliance for Educational Options (BAEO) To Set the Record Straight on School Choice,” press release from BAEO and the Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce, May 21, 2001.

  6. Coeyman, Marjorie. “Vouchers Get a Boost from Black Alliance,” Christian Science Monitor, July 10, 2001, accessed online July 10, 2001 via: www.csmonitor.com/durable/2001/07/10/text/p19s1.html

  7. Annenberg Public Policy Center press release, “New Annenberg Research Tracks over $105 Million in Inside-the-Beltway Print and TV Issue Ads During the 107th Congress,” June 19, 2003. Accessed via:
    http://www.appcpenn.org/issueads/final%20release.pdf

  8. This page describing the details of BAEO’s activity shows that there was no spending during 2002: http://www.appcpenn.org/issueads/organizations/black_alliance_for_educational_options.htm

  9. Annenberg Public Policy Center press release, June 19, 2003.

  10. This page describing spending on education issues includes the details on voucher spending: http://www.appcpenn.org/issueads/issues_education.htm

  11. Franck, Matthew. “Group Plans School Voucher Campaign Here,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, July 17, 2001.

  12. “Black Alliance is on the Move,” Barato Britt, School Reform News, 9/01.

  13. Twohey, Megan. “Who Vouches for Vouchers?” The American Prospect, July 1, 2002.

  14. Cato Institute event agenda, “Educational Freedom and Urban America,” May 15, 2003, accessed online May 16, 2003 via: http://www.cato.org/events/urbaned/

  15. “Paige Announces Fourth Annual Charter Schools Conference,” U.S. Department of Education press release, June 17, 2002. Accessed online via: http://www.ed.gov/PressReleases/06-2002/06172002.html

  16. “Panel named to Advise on National Assessment of Title I,” U.S. Department of Education press release, January 30, 2003. Accessed online via: http://www.ed.gov/PressReleases/01-2003/01302003.html

  17. “Education Department, BAEO Form Partnership to Reach Parents About Landmark No Child Left Behind Act,” U.S. Department of Education press release, October 15, 2002. Accessed online via: http://www.ed.gov/PressReleases/10-2002/10152002a.html

  18. Blum, Justin. “D.C. Charter School to Receive Grant,” Washington Post, February 26, 2003.

  19. Grant data obtained at www.mediatransparency.org

  20. Borsuk, Alan J. “Three Years After MPS, Fuller Still a Catalyst,” Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, June 14, 1998, accessed online August 21, 2001 via: www.jsonline.com/arhcive/may98/new/0614fuller.stm

  21. Grant data obtained at www.mediatransparency.org shows Bradley funding of ITL is $648,465. When combined with University documents that show Howard Fuller raised $1,067,000 from Bradley between January 2000 and June 2001, the $1.7 million figure can be calculated. Marquette University grant information is available online via: http://www.mu.edu/newsfromyou/messages/13/13.html?995640770 and was accessed on July 31, 2001.

  22. Miner, Barbara. “Michael Joyce: Gone but not Forgotten,” Milwaukee Shepherd Express, Volume 22, Issue 28, accessed online July 23, 2001 via: www.shepherd–express.com/shepherd/22/28/cover_story.html

  23. “Anatomy of a Movement: Wisconsin Vouchers and the Bradley Foundation,” prepared by Jeffrey Leverich of Wisconsin Education Association Council, 10/8/98.

  24. Miner, Barbara. “Who’s Vouching for Vouchers,” The Nation, June 5, 2000.

  25. Horowitz, David. “The Latest Civil Rights Disaster,” Salon, May 30, 2000, accessed online August 3, 2001 via: www.salon.com/news/col/horo/2000/05/30/reprartions/print.html

  26. Miner, Barbara. “Michael Joyce: Gone but not Forgotten,” Milwaukee Shepherd Express, Volume 22, Issue 28, accessed online July 23, 2001 via: www.shepherd–express.com/shepherd/22/28/cover_story.html

  27. ibid.

  28. “Education Reform Briefs,” Education Policy Institute, November 1, 2000, accessed online August 2, 2001 via: www.educationpolicy.org/briefs/refrmnws-Nov00A.htm

  29. “Privatization of Public Education: A Joint Venture of Charity and Power,” People For the American Way Foundation, April 20, 1999. Hereafter referred to as “PFAW, April 1999.”

  30. PFAW, April 1999.

  31. Garrett, Major. “How to Win the Education Fight,” The Weekly Standard, Page 26, September 15, 1997.

  32. Wilayto, Phil. “The Institute for Justice,” briefing paper prepared by RightWatch, 2000, accessed online August 7, 2001 via: www.expecpc.com/~ajrc/ifj.html

  33. ibid.

  34. A list of Walton Family Foundation grant recipients for 1999 and 2000 is available at their web site www.wffhome.com/1999_awards.html and www.wffhone.com/2000_awards.html

  35. AERC 990 form, 2001, Statement 3.

  36. 1999 and 2000 Grant Recipients, www.wffhome.com.

  37. Loose, Cindy. “Former D.C. Leader's Firm Is Being Paid to Push School Vouchers,” Washington Post, October 6, 1997.

  38. Bradley Foundation grant information is available online via www.bradleyfdn.org/98part2.pdf and www.bradleyfdn.org/00ar/00part2.pdf.

  39. AERC’s 1999 and 1998 IRS disclosure forms are available from www.guidestar.org. Guide Star provides tax returns for thousands of non-profit organizations, including the Friedman, Walton, and Bradley Foundations.

  40. Hurst, Marianne. “People in the News,” Education Week, March 27, 2002; American Education Reform Council information page on www.schoolchoiceinfo.org, no longer available online.

  41. “The ‘Doers’ of School Choice,” School Choice Advocate, Friedman Foundation newsletter, May 2001, page 6, accessible online via: www.friedmanfoundation.org/pp6-7.web.pdf

  42. PFAW, April 1999.

  43. PFAW, April 1999.

  44. “The Real Story Behind ‘Paycheck Protection,’” National Education Association, September 1998, 47.

  45. Loose, Cindy. “Former D.C. Leader's Firm Is Being Paid to Push School Vouchers,” Washington Post, October 6, 1997.

  46. Milton and Rose Friedman Foundation 990 form, 2001, Statement 13, grants paid.

  47. Milton and Rose Friedman Foundation 990 forms, 2000 and 2001, Statement 13, grants paid.

  48. Milton and Rose Friedman Foundation 990 form, 2000, Statement 13, grants paid.

  49. Quote excerpted from page iii of a Friedman Foundation booklet titled “Liberty and Education: The Collected Works on the Voucher Idea.” The booklet includes seven essays from Milton and Rose D. Friedman on vouchers and privatizing education.

  50. ibid.; “Conservative Spotlight,” Human Events, January 16, 1998.

  51. Friedman Foundation’s 2000 and 1999 IRS disclosure forms.

  52. Quote excerpted from an essay in “Liberty and Education: The collected Works of the Voucher Idea,” page 61. The essay, “Public Schools: Make Them Private,” by Milton and Rose D. Friedman, originally appeared in the Washington Post on February 19, 1995.

  53. Excerpted from interview with George A. Clowes, editor of School Reform News, a Heartland Institute publication. The interview appears in the December 1998 edition of School Refrom News. Accessed online August 9, 2001 via: www.heartland.org/education/dec98/friedman.htm

  54. 1999 and 2000 Grant Recipients, www.wffhome.com.

  55. Olin grant data obtained at www.mediatransparency.org; Thomas B. Fordham Foundation 990 form, 2001, Statement 16, grants paid.

  56. ibid.

  57. ibid.

  58. Quote from “Reinventing Public Education,” by Paul T. Hill is excerpted from an EducationNews.org article, “Education Contracting System,” by Daniel Pryzbyla, August 2, 2001.

  59. Peirce, Neal R. “A City's Courageous Crusader,” National Journal, August 5, 1995.

  60. “First Chapter for New Charter Schools,” Milwaukee Shepherd Express, December 10, 1998.

  61. Nichols, Mike. “Charter Schools Get City’s OK,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 6, 1998, accessed online August 21, 2001, via: www.jsonline.com/archive/may98/news/0506chart.stm.

  62. Gorman, Siobhan. “Politics – Bush’s Lesson Plan,” National Journal, August 7, 1999.

  63. About BAEO: Board of Directors, accessed online May 12,2003 via: http://www.baeo.org/about/directors.htm

  64. Golden, Daniel and Tomsho, Robert. “School-Voucher Debate Frays,” Wall Street Journal, July 1, 2002.

  65. Blair, Julie. “Critical Union Report About Charter Schools Raises Ire of Advocates,” Education Week, August 7, 2002.

  66. “Conservative Spotlight,” Human Events, 11/29/96.

  67. According to their Web site on September 4, 2001, www.edisonschools.com, Edison runs 136 schools in 21 states plus the District of Columbia.

  68. Miner, Barbara. “A Wall Street Yawner—Investors Dubious on For-profit Schools,” Milwaukee Shepherd-Express, November 25, 1999, Volume 20, Issue 48, accessed online September 4, 2001 via www.shepherd-express.com/shepherd/20/48/columnists/commentary.html

  69. May, Meredith. “Oakland Charter School Must Close Its Doors,” San Francisco Chronicle, April 27, 2000, accessed online August 28, 2001 via:
    www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2000/04/27/MN56355.DTL

  70. ibid.

  71. About BAEO: Board of Directors, accessed online May 12,2003 via: http://www.baeo.org/about/directors.htm

  72. ibid.

  73. ibid.

  74. ibid.

  75. ibid.

  76. Stanford, Gregory. “No wonder Polly won’t play,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 5/11/97.

  77. Thomas-Lynn, Felicia. “School choice pioneer chafes at her status,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 6/29/98.
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