Voucher advocates claim that voucher programs help poor families. But two of the three the existing voucher programs are not limited to poor students and, in fact, have provided vouchers for higher income families. Further, limits on voucher dollar amounts ensure that poor students do not, in reality, have the same choices as rich students. Finally, voucher opponents contend that voucher programs for poor families are ultimately a means to pass unrestricted voucher legislation for all income levels. In fact, attempts have repeatedly been made in Milwaukee and Cleveland to extend vouchers beyond their original low-income target populations. A similar voucher program was proposed in California during the 2000 elections. The soundly defeated initiative would have distributed vouchers to any student regardless of income.