History of Failed Vouchers and Tax Credits

Exit Poll Data for Michigan and California, 2000 Voucher Referenda

Voting GroupCalifornia
Proposition 38
Michigan
Proposal 1
YesNoYesNo
All voters29%71%31%69%
Race/ethnicity
White30703169
Black32682377
Latino2377----
Asian3466----
Religion
Protestant35653169
Catholic31693464
Jewish1783----
Annual family income (CA)
< $20,0002773
$20,000-$39,9992575
$40,000-$59,9993070
$60,000-$74,9993268
$75,000 or more3070
Annual family income (MI)
< $15,000----
$15,000-$29,9992773
$30,000-$49,9993268
$50,000-$74,9993367
$75,000-$99,9993367
$100,000 or more3070
Urban/rural
City over 50,000 pop.30702773
Suburb28723664
Rural34662773
Large urban area results
Los Angeles County2773
Alameda (Oakland)2278
Santa Clara (San Jose)2773
San Francisco County
2179
San Diego County3466
Wayne (Detroit)2872
City of Detroit1882
Genesee (Flint)2773
Kent (Grand Rapids)3565
Oakland (Pontiac)3368

Source: California data from Los Angeles Times Poll, with interviews of 3,474 voters at 51 polling places. Margin of error is +/- 3%; urban/rural data, with interviews of 1,702 voters, from CBS exit poll. Michigan data, with interviews of 1,213 voters, from the CBS exit poll; large urban area data from vote tallies as reported by CBS, not exit polls.

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