History of Failed Vouchers and Tax Credits

Voucher Referenda

Election Result
StateYearVote AgainstVote
Details of the Ballot Initiative
MI197043%57%A vote for Proposal C was a vote to amend the state constitution prohibiting the use of any direct or indirect public funds to aid nonpublic elementary or secondary schools. A vote for Proposal C was a vote against any government assistance to private and religious schools.

Voted for: 1,416,838; voted against: 1,078,740

More information regarding MI electoral history can be accessed hereMD197255%45%
In 1971, the Maryland state legislature approved Chapter 7 of Senate Bill 331, which created a nonpublic education scholarship program. The approved act provided a state scholarship program for students attending approved nonpublic schools, and permitted a shared time arrangement between public and non-public schools.

The legislation was put on the general election ballot in 1972 as Question #18. A vote for Question 18 was a vote to enact this program.

Voted for: 448,703; voted against: 543,702

More information regarding MD electoral history can be accessed hereMI197874%26%A vote for Proposal H was a vote to amend the constitution, requiring the legislature to issue educational vouchers to be applied toward a student’s education at any public or nonpublic school.

Voted for: 718,440; voted against: 2,075,583

More information regarding MI electoral history can be accessed hereCO199267%33%A vote for Amendment 7 was a vote to require that all state money appropriated for the general support of kindergarten, elementary and secondary education be apportioned among students in the form of vouchers. A voucher of no less than 50 percent of the average per pupil expenditure in a district would have been issued to each student’s parent or guardian. These vouchers would then have been redeemable as tuition at any public or private school. Parents home schooling their children would also have been able to use the vouchers to reimburse the purchases of educational materials.

Voted for: 503,162; voted against: 1,001,901

More information regarding CO electoral history can be accessed hereCA199370%30%A vote for Proposition 174 was a vote requiring the state to provide a voucher for every school-age child equal to at least 50 percent of the prior fiscal year’s per pupil expenditure for K-12 public schools. Vouchers could be redeemed at both public and private schools.

Vote for: 1,561,514; voted against: 3,567,833

More information regarding CA electoral history can be accessed hereWA199664%36%A vote for Initiative 173 was a vote to establish tuition vouchers for primary and secondary students to attend any private or public school. Parents would have received a voucher amounting to 55 percent of the total state, federal and local allotment per child to be used at any school except those with a religious affiliation.

Voted for: 775,281; voted against: 1,406,433

More information regarding WA electoral history can be accessed hereMI200069%31%A vote for Proposal 1 was a vote to amend the constitution, permitting the state to provide indirect support to students attending nonpublic kindergarten, elementary and secondary schools. The proposal would have allowed tuition vouchers to be used in school districts with a graduation rate under 2/3 in the 1998-1999 school year, and also would have allowed any district to opt into the voucher program. Each voucher would have been limited to half of the state’s average per pupil expenditure.

Voted for: 1,235,533; voted against: 2,767,320

More information regarding MI electoral history can be accessed hereCA200071%29%A vote for Proposition 38 was a vote to create a publicly funded program to provide parents with vouchers that can be redeemed for private and religious school tuition. The state vouchers would initially be worth $4,000 per year, with the option to increase in future years as per pupil expenditures increase. Parents would have been able to ‘top off’ the vouchers with their own funds. Student eligibility would not have been limited to only those enrolled in public schools.

Voted for: 3,101,193; voted against: 7,422,037

More information regarding CA electoral history can be accessed hereTotal: Eight Referenda32%68%Total Votes

For Vouchers: 9,422,566

Against Vouchers: 20,201,647

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