John Ashcroft's First Year as Attorney General

Sources

1. "Ex-FBI Officials Criticize Tactics on Terrorism," Jim McGee, Washington Post, 11/28/01.

2. "Freedom's Value," Clint Bolick, Guest Comment, National Review Online, 9/18/01; "The Ghost of COINTELPRO," Earl Ofari Hutchinson, Alternet.org, 12/14/01

3. "1st Draft of DOJ Surveillance & Antiterrorism Bill: The Mobilization Against Terrorism Act 2001 (MATA), 9/19/01," Electronic Frontier Foundation

4. Ibid.

5. "Letter to Attorney General John Ashcroft," Human Rights Watch, 9/28/01

6. "Analysis of Immigration Provisions of Mobilization Against Terrorism Act," National Lawyers Guild Post 911 Project

7. "Testimony of Professor David Cole on Civil Liberties and Proposed Anti-Terrorism Legislation Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Federalism and Property Rights of the Senate Judiciary Committee," 10/3/01

8. "U.S. District Court in Florida Finds Use of Secret Evidence Unconstitutional," statement from Tampa Bay Coalition for Justice and Peace, American Muslim Alliance Web site

9. "Testimony of Professor David Cole on Civil Liberties and Proposed Anti-Terrorism Legislation Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Federalism and Property Rights of the Senate Judiciary Committee," 10/3/01

10. "Federal Anti-Terrorism Efforts to Impact Immigration Policy, Procedures," Fragomen, Del Rey, Bernsen & Loewy P.C., 9/27/01

11. "EFF Analysis of The Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001 (ATA): How the Bill Would Change FISA Surveillance," Lee Tien, Senior Staff Attorney, Electronic Frontier Foundation

12. "Federal Law Enforcement and Intelligence Provision in proposed Anti-Terrorism Bill," Kate Martin, Center for National Security Studies, 10/1/01.

13. "Anti-Terrorism Act Expands Government Surveillance Authorities, Weakens Privacy Protection with No Clear Benefit to Security," Center for Democracy & Technology, preliminary analysis of Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001, 9/21/01.

14. "Domestic Surveillance:The History of Operation CHAOS," Verne Lyon, Covert Action Information Bulletin, Summer 1990; "EFF Analysis Of The Provisions Of The USA PATRIOT Act: That Relate To Online Activities," Electronic Frontier Foundation, 10/31/01.

15. Ibid.

16. Ibid.

17. Ibid.

18. "ACLU Says Congress Should Treat Administration Proposal Carefully: Says Many Provisions Go Far Beyond Anti-Terrorism Needs," Center for Democracy & Technology, 9/20/01

19. Ibid.

20. "Analysis of Provisions of the Proposed Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001: Affecting the Privacy of Communications and Personal Information," Electronic Privacy Information Center, 9/24/01

21. Ibid.

22. "Changes in Antiterrorism Bills Protect Student Records, College Lobbyists Say," Sara Hebel, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 10/26/01.

23. Testimony of Jerry Berman before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, 9/24/01

24. Ibid.

25. House Judiciary Committee transcript, 9/24/01.

26. "Testimony of Professor David Cole on Civil Liberties and Proposed Anti-Terrorism Legislation Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Federalism and Property Rights of the Senate Judiciary Committee," 10/3/01

27. "Letter to Congress Urges Changes In Anti-Terrorism Bill to Protect Civil Liberties," Free Congress Foundation, 10/2/01

28. "Not So Fast," Jacob Sullum, ReasonOnline, 10/2/01

29. "The End of Liberty," Damien Cave and Katharine Mieszkowski, Salon.com, 9/22/01

30. "Lawmakers: Quick movement on new laws won't happen," Associated Press, 9/21/01.

31. "Terrorism Bill's Sparse Paper Trail May Cause Legal Vulnerabilities," Elizabeth A. Palmer, CQ Weekly, 10/27/01.

32. Ibid.

33. "Much of Anti-Terrorism Bill May Be Temporary," Reuters, 10/5/01.

34. "They Can't See Eye-to-Eye: Leahy, Ashcroft embattled over civil rights vs. security," Tom Brune, Newsday, 11/13/01.

35. "National Security; Prevention of Acts of Violence and Terrorism," Federal Register, 10/31/01.

36. "Leahy 'Deeply Troubled' About Monitoring of Conversations Between Detainees, Their Attorneys," U.S. Newswire, 11/09/01.

37. "U.S. to Stop Issuing Detention Tallies," Amy Goldstein and Dan Eggen, Washington Post, 11/9/01.

38. "About 600 Still Detained in Connection With Attacks, Ashcroft Says," Dan Eggen, Washington Post, 11/28/01.

39. "Ashcroft Urges Caution With FOIA Requests," Associated Press, 10/17/01.

40. "ACLU Files First Post-Sept. 11 Challenge To Closed Immigration Hearings on Behalf of MI Congressman and Journalists," ACLU press release, 1/29/02

41. "Lawsuit Filed Over Immigration Hearings' Closing," Hanna Rosin, Washington Post, 1/30/02.

42. "Why We're Suing Ashcroft," Jeremy Voas, Alternet.org, 1/30/02

43. "Ex-FBI Officials Criticize Tactics on Terrorism," Jim McGee, Washington Post, 11/28/01.

44. Ibid.

45. "Justice Department Considers Stepping Up Monitoring of Religious, Political Groups," Jess Bravin, Wall Street Journal, 12/03/01.

46. Ibid.

47. "Homeland Defense - of the Constitution," Nat Hentoff, Insight, 12/17/01.

48. "John Ashcroft Misses the Point," New York Times, 12/7/01; "The Ashcroft Smear," Washington Post, 12/7/01.

49. "Political dissent can bring federal agents to door," Kris Axtman, Christian Science Monitor, 1/8/02.

50. "The New McCarthyism," Matthew Rothschild, The Progressive, January 2002.

51. Ibid.

52. "Us Vows Suits On Racial Profiling New Rights Chief Details A Strategy," Wayne Washington, Boston Globe, 7/26/01.

53. "Justice Dept. to Study Racial Profiling Soon," Associated Press, 9/10/01.

54. "Abusive Behavior, Or Racial Profiling?" Edward Walsh, Washington Post, 1/4/02.

55. "U.S. Seeks Thousands Of Fugitive Deportees; Middle Eastern Men Are Focus of Search," Dan Eggen and Cheryl W. Thompson, Washington Post, 1/8/02.

56. Ibid.

57. "Surviviors of Terrorist Victims Granted Domestic Partnership Benefits," Matt Pyeatt, CNSNews.com, 10/4/01.

58. "Jailing of Writer Sparks 1st Amendment Debate," Dan Eagen and Paul Duggan, Washington Post, 8/01/01.

59. "SPJ Gives $12,500 To Fight Texas Case Threatening Freedom Of The Press," Society of Professional Journalists, press release, 8/10/01.

60. "Writer Freed After Five Months in Jail, but New Subpoena Likely," Paul Duggan, Washington Post, January 5, 2002

61. "Grassley Seeks Files On Media Subpoena," Dan Eggen, Washington Post, 9/5/01.

62. "Justice Department Snags Reporter's Phone Records," Pete Yost, Associated Press, 8/27/01.

63. "Florida election reform on hold," Alisa Ulferts, St. Petersburg Times, 8/21/01.

64. "All but one part of new election law okayed," Lucy Morgan, St. Petersburg Times, 12/9/01.

65. "Affirmative Action; From the Justice Department., a Disappointing Silence on the U-M Cases," Detroit Free Press, 12/6/01.

66. "Bush Delays Offensive Against Affirmative Action," Gary Fields, Wall Street Journal, 8/13/01.

67. "Wrongheaded on Race," Washington Post, 7/2/01.

68. "Women lose key ally in bias suit vs. SEPTA," Joseph A. Slobodzian, Philadelphia Inquirer, 10/3/01.

69. "Ashcroft Justice," Diana R. Gordon, The Nation, 7/23/01.

70. Letter to Attorney General Ashcroft, Barbara Boxer, Truthout.com, 10/26/01

71. "Are anthrax letters OK for abortion-rights groups?" Anthony York, Salon.com, 11/10/01

72. Letter to Attorney General Ashcroft, Barbara Boxer, Truthout.com, 10/26/01

73. "Ashcroft: No Death Penalty Race Bias," Jim Stewart, CBSNews.com, 6/6/01

74. "Program for DNA testing of inmates is scrapped," Richard Willing, USA Today, 12/25/01.

75. "Funds to Test DNA Of Convicts Diverted to ID Sept. 11 Victims," Washington Post, 12/27/01.

76. "Guns & Strange Bedfellows," Beverly Lumpkin, ABCNews.com, 10/19/01

77. "Ashcroft's gun-coddling hypocrisy," Thomas Oliphant, Boston Globe, 12/11/01.

78. "Justice Dept. Bars Use of Gun Checks in Terror Inquiry," Fox Butterfield, New York Times, 12/6/01.

79. Ibid.

80. Ibid.

81. "Senators Seek Gun Records," Jesse J. Holland, Associated Press, 12/13/01.

82. "Justice Dept. Bars Use of Gun Checks in Terror Inquiry," Fox Butterfield, New York Times, 12/6/01.

83. "Federal Agents Are Directed to Stop Physicians Who Assist Suicide," Sam Howe Verhovek, New York Times, 11/7/01.

84. "Ashcroft Order Not His first Stand Against Assisted Suicide," Tom Detzel, Portland Oregonian, 11/11/01.

85. ibid.

86. ibid.

87. "Ashcroft Ban on Suicide Blocked," Associated Press, Washington Times, 11/21/01.

88. "States' rights under fire; Attorney general's actions show shift in White House policy," Bob Egelko, San Francisco Chronicle, 11/11/2001

89. "2000 Term Opinions of the Court," U.S. Supreme Court website

90. "Ashcroft Pushes Senate on Judicial Nominees," Dan Eggen, Washington Post, 8/8/01.

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