Privatization of Public Education: A Joint Venture of Charity and Power


1 Dan Calderon, “School voucher foundation starts,” San Antonio Express-News, 1/15/95.

2 Kim Asch, “Private-school funds go national,” Washington Times, 2/3/99.

3 “The Real Story Behind ‘Paycheck Protection,’” National Education Association, 9/98, 65, 74, 80, 87.

4 Christian Coalition National Conference, 9/10/93.

5 Jerry Falwell, America Can Be Saved, 1979, 53.

6 National Education Association, 55.

7 Cindy Loose, “Former D.C. Leader’s Firm Is Being Paid to Push School Vouchers,” Washington Post, 10/6/97.

8 “Conservative Spotlight: J. Patrick Rooney,” Human Events, 3/31/95, 16.

9 Profile of J. Patrick Rooney, Policy Review, 7-8/97, 55.

10 Molly Ivins, “Meet ‘God’s Sugar Daddy,’”

11 National Education Association, 104.

12 Texas Freedom Network Education Fund, “Pro-Voucher Campaign in Texas.”

13 Texas Freedom Network Education Fund, “James Mansour’s Involvement in the Pro-Voucher Lobby in Texas.”

14 National Education Association, 104.

15 Louis Dubose, “Where the Money Is,” Texas Observer, 11/22/96.

16 Texas Freedom Network Education Fund, “James Mansour’s Involvement in the Pro-Voucher Lobby in Texas.”

17 Robert Bryce, “Million Dollar Man,” Austin Chronicle, 2/1/99.

18 Texans for Public Justice, “Texas PACS: A Roundup of the Special Interests Driving Texas' Political Action Committees,”

19 Ibid.

20 Louis Dubose, “Deschooling Society,” Texas Observer, 3/27/98.

21 “Tired of ‘Spoon-Feeding’ Your Employees?” CEO America, Children's Educational Opportunity Foundation, Bentonville, AR (no date).

22 CEO America mission statement, 6/5/98,

23 CEO America History.

24 Fritz Steiger, CEO Foundation of America fundraising letter, 3/25/99.

25 Robert Dreyfuss & Peter H. Stone, “Medikill,” Mother Jones, 1-2/96, 77.

26 Press release announcing the formation of RNC-Life, 11/1/90.

27 Search for contributions from John Walton, FECInfo database,

28 Search for contributions from James Leininger, FECInfo database,

29 Search for contributions from Peter Flanigan, FECInfo database,

30 Friedman Foundation event listing,

31 John Zebrowski, “Five Fat Cats and a Flip-Flop,” Mother Jones, 9/29/98; Dana Wilke, “Bay Area group pushes new school voucher vote for ’96,” San Diego Union-Tribune, 8/30/95.

32 Ed Mendel, California to spend a lot more on schools, but…,” San Diego Union-Tribune, 9/1/97.

33 Ed Mendel, “School-voucher advocates are all business about next initiative,” San Diego Union Tribune, 7/31/95.

34 Ibid.

35 Ron Hutcheson, “School Voucher Critics say Armey deceitful in try for pilot program,” Fort Worth Star- Telegram, 4/30/98.

36 Loose, 10/6/97.

37 Mike Rose, “With Friends like these…,” American Teacher, 4/98,

38 National Education Association, 51.

39 Rose, 4/98.

40 California Secretary of State, 1998 Primary Election, late contributions and independent expenditures,

41 Friedman Foundation event listing.

42 Mark Walsh, “Privatization Found To Fall Short of Billing,” Education Week, 11/6/96.

43 Susan Gembrowski, “Fund provides tuition aid to poor,” San Diego Union-Tribune, 2/3/99.

44 Search for contributions from Theodore Forstmann, FECInfo database,

45 “Flying High,” The New Republic, 12/21/98, 10.

46 Bloomberg News, “Gingrich set to return home, will serve on advisory board of N.Y. buyout firm,” Washington Times, 1/6/99.

47 Secretary of State of California, Political Reform Division, 11/5/96, general election, Proposition 209.

48 Derk Arend Wilcox, ed., Right Guide, 78, 133.

49 Human Events, 3/22/86; Washington Times, 5/10/88; “Inside the Beltway,” Washington Times, 1/18/90.

50 “Whittle’s Expansion Plans Bolstered by Firm’s $350 Million Investment,” Education Week, 9/11/91; “Media Column,” Education Week, 2/19/92.

51 National Education Association, 38.

52 National Education Association, 40.

53 Children’s Scholarship fund,…unity&cfid=627738&cftoken=40859395

54 Roland Wilkerson, “Burgeoning scholarship fund helps kids go to private schools,” Grand Rapids Press, 3/21/99.

55 George Bullard, “Church to help poor attend Catholic schools,” Detroit News, 3/5/99,

56 Wilkerson, 3/21/99.

57 “Known Funding of the Mackinac Center,”

58 National Education Association, 9/98, 90.

59 Richard and Helen DeVos Foundation, CD-ROM database, The Foundation Center, 1998.

60 Ralph Z. Hallow, “RNC may get first female chief, but race is far from uncontested,” Washington Times,

61 Ben White, “Soft Money Donations Soared Despite Ongoing Investigations,” Washington Post, 1/11/99.

62 Cascade Policy Institute press release, 9/28/98,

63 National Education Association, 59.

64 Rob Boston, “Radical Measure,” Church & State, 10/90.

65 Dan McGroarty, “Voucher Wars,” Milton and Rose D. Friedman Foundation,

66 Cascade Policy Institute press release, 9/28/98.

67 Becket Fund for Religious Liberty staff listing,

68 “Hasidic Jewish Bus Company Sued Over Prayers on Buses,” Becket Fund press release, 10/18/94.

69 Frank Lombardi & Nancie L. Katz, “Rudy Pushing Vouchers, but Crew’s Defiant,” New York Daily News,

70 “New Private Voucher Program to Serve 1,000 NY City Children,” School Reform News,

71 SCSF board of directors,

72 Ibid.; Empire Foundation board list, Foundation Center CD-ROM database; Manhattan Institute board of

73 National Education Association, 97.

74 Jim Saunders, “School Voucher case not shut yet,” Florida Times-Union, 4/5/99.

75 “Archdiocese Donates to Scholarships,” Miami Herald, 12/29/98.

76 Tim Nickens, “School Choice Debate Widens With New Group,” St. Petersburg Times, 6/16/98.

77 Saunders, 4/5/99.

78 Just Doing It 3: 1996 Annual Survey of the Private Voucher Movement in America, National Scholarship Fund, 24.

79 Rose, 4/98.

80 Philanthropy Roundtable, “Great Grants: Recent Benefactors and Programs of Note,” Winter ’97,

81 “Multimedia and Venture Capital,” Red Herring, 6/93.

82 Alan Deutschman, “Up the Green Staircase,” GQ, 10/98, 125.

83 San Francisco Business Times, 2/23/98.

84 Evaluation of the Cleveland Scholarship Program: Second-Year Report (1997-98), Indiana Center for Evaluation, Indiana University, 11/98, 22.

85 “Class Action: A Poor School District in Texas is Learning to Cope in a Test Tube,” Wall Street Journal,9/11/98.

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