Privatization of Public Education: A Joint Venture of Charity and Power

Endnotes

1 Dan Calderon, “School voucher foundation starts,” San Antonio Express-News, 1/15/95.

2 Kim Asch, “Private-school funds go national,” Washington Times, 2/3/99.

3 “The Real Story Behind ‘Paycheck Protection,’” National Education Association, 9/98, 65, 74, 80, 87.

4 Christian Coalition National Conference, 9/10/93.

5 Jerry Falwell, America Can Be Saved, 1979, 53.

6 National Education Association, 55.

7 Cindy Loose, “Former D.C. Leader’s Firm Is Being Paid to Push School Vouchers,” Washington Post, 10/6/97.

8 “Conservative Spotlight: J. Patrick Rooney,” Human Events, 3/31/95, 16.

9 Profile of J. Patrick Rooney, Policy Review, 7-8/97, 55.

10 Molly Ivins, “Meet ‘God’s Sugar Daddy,’” http://www.texnews.com/1998/opinion/ivins1210.html

11 National Education Association, 104.

12 Texas Freedom Network Education Fund, “Pro-Voucher Campaign in Texas.”

13 Texas Freedom Network Education Fund, “James Mansour’s Involvement in the Pro-Voucher Lobby in Texas.”

14 National Education Association, 104.

15 Louis Dubose, “Where the Money Is,” Texas Observer, 11/22/96.

16 Texas Freedom Network Education Fund, “James Mansour’s Involvement in the Pro-Voucher Lobby in Texas.”

17 Robert Bryce, “Million Dollar Man,” Austin Chronicle, 2/1/99.

18 Texans for Public Justice, “Texas PACS: A Roundup of the Special Interests Driving Texas' Political Action Committees,” http://www.tpj.org/reports/pacs/major.html

19 Ibid.

20 Louis Dubose, “Deschooling Society,” Texas Observer, 3/27/98.

21 “Tired of ‘Spoon-Feeding’ Your Employees?” CEO America, Children's Educational Opportunity Foundation, Bentonville, AR (no date).

22 CEO America mission statement, 6/5/98, http://www.ceoamerica.org.about.html

23 CEO America History.

24 Fritz Steiger, CEO Foundation of America fundraising letter, 3/25/99.

25 Robert Dreyfuss & Peter H. Stone, “Medikill,” Mother Jones, 1-2/96, 77.

26 Press release announcing the formation of RNC-Life, 11/1/90.

27 Search for contributions from John Walton, FECInfo database, http://www.tray.com/fecinfo/indiv.htm

28 Search for contributions from James Leininger, FECInfo database, http://www.tray.com/fecinfo/indiv.htm

29 Search for contributions from Peter Flanigan, FECInfo database, http://www.tray.com/fecinfo/indiv.htm

30 Friedman Foundation event listing, http://www.friedmanfoundation.org/events.htm

31 John Zebrowski, “Five Fat Cats and a Flip-Flop,” Mother Jones, 9/29/98; Dana Wilke, “Bay Area group pushes new school voucher vote for ’96,” San Diego Union-Tribune, 8/30/95.

32 Ed Mendel, California to spend a lot more on schools, but…,” San Diego Union-Tribune, 9/1/97.

33 Ed Mendel, “School-voucher advocates are all business about next initiative,” San Diego Union Tribune, 7/31/95.

34 Ibid.

35 Ron Hutcheson, “School Voucher Critics say Armey deceitful in try for pilot program,” Fort Worth Star- Telegram, 4/30/98.

36 Loose, 10/6/97.

37 Mike Rose, “With Friends like these…,” American Teacher, 4/98,
http://www.claremont.org/campfin/mikerose.cfm

38 National Education Association, 51.

39 Rose, 4/98.

40 California Secretary of State, 1998 Primary Election, late contributions and independent expenditures, http://Primary98.ss.ca.gov/lcrP98/c/980240.htm

41 Friedman Foundation event listing.

42 Mark Walsh, “Privatization Found To Fall Short of Billing,” Education Week, 11/6/96.

43 Susan Gembrowski, “Fund provides tuition aid to poor,” San Diego Union-Tribune, 2/3/99.

44 Search for contributions from Theodore Forstmann, FECInfo database, http://www.tray.com/fecinfo/indiv.htm

45 “Flying High,” The New Republic, 12/21/98, 10.

46 Bloomberg News, “Gingrich set to return home, will serve on advisory board of N.Y. buyout firm,” Washington Times, 1/6/99.

47 Secretary of State of California, Political Reform Division, 11/5/96, general election, Proposition 209.

48 Derk Arend Wilcox, ed., Right Guide, 78, 133.

49 Human Events, 3/22/86; Washington Times, 5/10/88; “Inside the Beltway,” Washington Times, 1/18/90.

50 “Whittle’s Expansion Plans Bolstered by Firm’s $350 Million Investment,” Education Week, 9/11/91; “Media Column,” Education Week, 2/19/92.

51 National Education Association, 38.

52 National Education Association, 40.

53 Children’s Scholarship fund, http://www.scholarshipfund.org/com…unity&cfid=627738&cftoken=40859395

54 Roland Wilkerson, “Burgeoning scholarship fund helps kids go to private schools,” Grand Rapids Press, 3/21/99.

55 George Bullard, “Church to help poor attend Catholic schools,” Detroit News, 3/5/99, http://www.pcfirst.org/PCF/press/0305991.html

56 Wilkerson, 3/21/99.

57 “Known Funding of the Mackinac Center,” http://scnc.mindnet.org/~ferencyj/funding.html

58 National Education Association, 9/98, 90.

59 Richard and Helen DeVos Foundation, CD-ROM database, The Foundation Center, 1998.

60 Ralph Z. Hallow, “RNC may get first female chief, but race is far from uncontested,” Washington Times,
11/11/96.

61 Ben White, “Soft Money Donations Soared Despite Ongoing Investigations,” Washington Post, 1/11/99.

62 Cascade Policy Institute press release, 9/28/98, http://www.cascadepolicy.org/csf/announce.htm

63 National Education Association, 59.

64 Rob Boston, “Radical Measure,” Church & State, 10/90.

65 Dan McGroarty, “Voucher Wars,” Milton and Rose D. Friedman Foundation,
http://www.townhall.com/features/voucherwars.html

66 Cascade Policy Institute press release, 9/28/98.

67 Becket Fund for Religious Liberty staff listing, http://www.becketfund.org/other/aboutus.html

68 “Hasidic Jewish Bus Company Sued Over Prayers on Buses,” Becket Fund press release, 10/18/94.

69 Frank Lombardi & Nancie L. Katz, “Rudy Pushing Vouchers, but Crew’s Defiant,” New York Daily News,
3/12/99.

70 “New Private Voucher Program to Serve 1,000 NY City Children,” School Reform News,
http://www.heartland.org/education/march/private.htm

71 SCSF board of directors, http://nygroup.com/scs/directors.htm

72 Ibid.; Empire Foundation board list, Foundation Center CD-ROM database; Manhattan Institute board of
Trustees, http://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/trustees.htm

73 National Education Association, 97.

74 Jim Saunders, “School Voucher case not shut yet,” Florida Times-Union, 4/5/99.

75 “Archdiocese Donates to Scholarships,” Miami Herald, 12/29/98.

76 Tim Nickens, “School Choice Debate Widens With New Group,” St. Petersburg Times, 6/16/98.

77 Saunders, 4/5/99.

78 Just Doing It 3: 1996 Annual Survey of the Private Voucher Movement in America, National Scholarship Fund, 24.

79 Rose, 4/98.

80 Philanthropy Roundtable, “Great Grants: Recent Benefactors and Programs of Note,” Winter ’97,
http://www.philanthropyroundtable.org/1.1/ggrant1.html

81 “Multimedia and Venture Capital,” Red Herring, 6/93.

82 Alan Deutschman, “Up the Green Staircase,” GQ, 10/98, 125.

83 San Francisco Business Times, 2/23/98.

84 Evaluation of the Cleveland Scholarship Program: Second-Year Report (1997-98), Indiana Center for Evaluation, Indiana University, 11/98, 22.

85 “Class Action: A Poor School District in Texas is Learning to Cope in a Test Tube,” Wall Street Journal,9/11/98.

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