Sabotaging Science: Creationist Strategies in the '90's

Endnotes

1 “School Guide Drops Word ‘Evolution.’ State Officials’ Switch Upsets Some Teachers,” Louisville Courier-Journal, October 5, 1999.

2 “State Skirts Evolution Dispute: Illinois Standards Dodged Issue Long Before Kansas Flap,” Chicago Tribune, October 24, 1999.

3 “Oklahoma panel OKs disclaimer on evolution,” Washington Times, November 11, 1999.

4 “Creation vs. Evolution Debate Rages Elsewhere,” Wichita Eagle, August 12, 1999.

5 “Evolution Gets Boot, 6-4, from State BOE,” Wichita Eagle, August 12, 1999.

6 “I Teach, Therefore I Worry, in Kansas,” Brad Williamson, Wichita Eagle, August 29, 1999; “Comparison of the 27 Member Writing Team’s Version and the Final Adopted Science Standards From the August 11th Kansas Board of Education Meeting,” Kansas Citizens For
Science Update, October 7, 1999, p. 1. For a complete collection of online documents regarding the Kansas State Science Standards revisions, including a comparison of final revisions, please click here

7 “Comparison of the 27 Member Writing Team’s Version and the Final Adopted Science Standards From the August 11th Kansas Board of Education Meeting,” Kansas Citizens For Science Update, October 7, 1999.

8 “An NSTA Position Statement: The Teaching of Evolution,” National Science Teachers Association, 1997, p. 2.

9 The National Science Education Standards, published by the National Research Council, were created by scientists and educators across the county to serve as a model that local and state boards can elect to use in creating their standards and curricula. To see an online version of the National Science Education Standards, click here

10 “I Teach, Therefore I Worry, in Kansas,” Brad Williamson, Wichita Eagle, August 29, 1999.

11 “State Board Ponders Whether Evolution is Fact or Theory,” Topeka Capital-Journal, May
11, 1999.

12 “A Fundamental Debate: Creationism or Evolution?” Topeka Capital- Journal, August 26,
1999.

13 “Comparison of the 27 Member Writing Team’s Version and the Final Adopted Science
Standards From the August 11th Kansas Board of Education Meeting,” Kansas Citizens For
Science Update, October 7, 1999, p. 2.

14 “Graves Blasts Science Standards,” Wichita Eagle, August 7, 1999; “Evolution Debate Puts
Kansas in the Spotlight,” Wichita Eagle, August 13, 1999

15 “Graves Blasts Science Standards,” Wichita Eagle, August 7, 1999.

16 White paper by Professor Steven Case, University of Kansas-Lawrence, October 1999.

17 “Scientist Urges Biology Professors to Stay Away,” Wichita Eagle, August 27, 1999.

18 “Scientist Urges Biology Professors to Stay Away,” Wichita Eagle, August 27, 1999.

19 “Chemists’ Group Criticizes Board’s Evolution Decision,” Wichita Eagle, August 24, 1999.

20 “Businessman: Vote Turned Him Off State,” Topeka Capital-Journal, August 13, 1999.

21 “Evolution Debate Puts Kansas in the Spotlight,” Wichita Eagle, August 13, 1999.

22 “Evolution Gets Boot, 6-4, from State BOE,” Wichita Eagle, August 12, 1999.

23 “Chapter of Book Removed Following Vote,” Topeka Capital-Journal, August 22, 1999.

24 “Chapter of Book Removed Following Vote,” Topeka Capital-Journal, August 22, 1999.

25 “Joint Statement from the National Research Council, American Association for the
Advancement of Science, and the National Science Teachers Association Regarding the
Kansas Science Education Standards,” September 23, 1999.
http://www.nsta.org/pressrel/jointstatement.htm.

26 “Science Groups Deny Kansas Access to Their Standards,” Education Week, September 29,
1999; “Joint Statement from the National Research Council, American Association for the
Advancement of Science, and the National Science Teachers Association Regarding the Kansas Science Education Standards,” September 23, 1999.
http://www.nsta.org/pressrel/jointstatement.htm.

27 Benjamin Sendor, “Here’s a Closer Look at that Creationism Decision and What it Means
to Your Schools,” The American School Board Journal, September 1987.

28 482 U.S. 578, 596 (1987)

29 “The ‘C’ Word is Back: CREATIONISM,” The Education Digest, November 1994, p. 15.

30 “An NSTA Position Statement: The Teaching of Evolution,” National Science Teachers
Association, “Facts, Faith, and Fairness: Creationism Clouds Scientific Literacy,” by
Thomas A. Demere and Steve Walsh, on National Center for Science Education website
http://www.natcenscied.org/DEMERE.HTM

31 “Of ‘Pandas’ and Pratt: an Evolution Debate,” Wichita Eagle, August 22, 1999.

32 “Bookwatch Reviews: Candid Appraisals of Science Textbooks,” National Center for
Science Education, Inc., Vol. 2, No. 11, 1989, p. 1.

33 “Creationism Text: Dogma in Disguise?” Palm Beach Post, February 5, 1995.

34 Answers in Genesis Creation Resource Catalog, 1998, p. 12.

35 “Darwinian Struggle: Instead of Evolution, A Textbook Proposes ‘Intelligent Design,’ “ Wall
Street Journal, November 11, 1994.

36 National Center for Science
Education, Inc. November 1998 letter, citing February/March
1998 issue of SBC Life, published by the Southern Baptist Convention.

37 Answers in Genesis Creation Resource Catalog, 1998, p. 33.

38 “Intelligent Design Request puts Pratt in Evolutionary Debate,” Topeka Capital-Journal,
September 8, 1999.

39 “Of ‘Pandas’ and Pratt: an Evolution Debate,” Wichita Eagle, August 22, 1999.

40 “New Creationist Strategy May Evolve from Ruling,” Chicago Tribune, June 21, 1987.

41 “Pandas Stalked by Censors,” Phyllis Schlafly, Washington Times, February 1, 1990.

42 “Evolutionists Censor Science Textbooks: Evolutionists and ‘Anti-Censorship’ groups
block textbooks that reject evolutionary theory,” Focus on the Family Citizen, March 18,
1991.

43 “Move Encourages Freethinking,” Beverly LaHaye, USA Today, August 16, 1999.

44 “Comparison of the 27 Member Writing Team’s Version and the Final Adopted Science
Standards From the August 11th Kansas Board of Education Meeting,” Kansas Citizens For
Science Update, October 7, 1999, p. 1.

45 “A Big Bang in Kansas,” Focus on the Family Citizen, 1999,
http://www.family.org/cforum/citizenmag/features/a0007938.html.

46 “Are Biologists Guilty of Bias?” Insight, January 29, 1996, p. 34.

47 Voices for Evolution, National Center for Science Education, Inc., Berkeley, CA, 1995, p.p.
53, 55-6, 60.

48 “Graves Blasts Science Standards,” Wichita Eagle, August 7, 1999.

49 “Roman Catholic Church Accepts Biological Evolution — AGAIN!” National Center for
Science Education Reports, Vol. 16, No. 3, Fall 1996, p. 7; Pope John Paul II Address to the
Pontifical Academy of Science, October 3, 1981 cited in Voices for Evolution, National
Center for Science Education, Inc., Berkeley, CA, 1995, p. 97.

50 NCSE Reports, Volume 16, No. 3, Fall 1996, p. 7.

51 National Center for Science Education, quoting from Answers In Genesis webpage
“Christian Answers,” www.christianAnswers.net, in Reports of the National Center for
Science Education, Vol. 18, No. 1, Jan/Feb. 1998, pp. 23-24.

52 William Thwaites, “The Evolution of Creationism,” National Center for Science Education.

53 Voices for Evolution, National Center for Science Education, Inc., Berkeley, CA, 1995

54 Charles Darwin, letter to John Fordyce, May 7, 1879, quoted in New York Times,
December 27, 1981.

55 Voices for Evolution, National Center for Science Education, Inc., Berkeley, CA, 1995, p. 34.

56 For definitions of scientific theory, see “An NSTA Position Statement: The Teaching of
Evolution,” National Science Teachers Association, “Facts, Faith, and Fairness:
Creationism Clouds Scientific Literacy,” by Thomas A. Demere and Steve Walsh, on
National Center for Science Education website http://www.natcenscied.org/DEMERE.HTM

57 Voices for Evolution, National Center for Science Education, Inc., Berkeley, CA, 1995, p. 61.

58 “Creationism Fight Returns to Nation’s Classrooms,” New York Times, March 9, 1996.

59 “Biology Books to Carry Inserts,” Advertiser, November 10, 1995.

60 Freiler v. Tangipahoa Parish Board of Education, 1999 WL 615172 (5th Cir. 8/13/99).

61 “An NSTA Position Statement: The Teaching of Evolution,” National Science Teachers
Association, 1997, p. 2

62 “Are Biologists Guilty of Bias?” Insight, January 29, 1996.

63 “Chapter of Book Removed Following Vote,” Topeka Capital-Journal, August 22,1999.

64 “In the Eye of the Evolution Storm,” Wichita Eagle, September 5, 1999.

65 As per Kansas State Board member Janet Waugh (District I), October 1999.

66 “Evolution Dropped from Plan for Schools,” Wichita Eagle, August 5, 1999.

67 “Gore Avoids Stance Against Creationism,” Washington Post, Friday, August 27, 1999;
“Gore Evolves to Accept Creationism Lesson in Schools,” Washington Times, Friday,
August 27, 1999; “Darwin and the Candidates,” Washington Post, August 30, 1999.

68 “Short History of ICR,” Institute for Creation Research, www.icr.org/abouticr/history.htm.

69 As characterized by the Revolution Against Evolution website; Index of Creationist
Organizations, ICR entry. Revolution Against Evolution webpage,
http://www.rae.org/toporg.html.

70 “Institute for Creation Research,” People For the American Way backgrounder, 1995.

71 “A Word From the President,” Institute for Creation Research,
http://www.icr.org/abouticr/intro.htm.

72 “Institute for Creation Research,” People For the American Way backgrounder, 1995.

73 “THE TRUTH ABOUT EVOLUTION EXPOSED!” USA Today, Friday, August 27, 1999.

74 “Creation Museum News,” Answers In Genesis Online,
http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/Museum.asp

75 Answers in Genesis Creation Resource Catalog, 1998, p. 32; “Ken Ham,” Answers in
Genesis Online, http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/About/about_ham.asp

76 “Creation Evangelism (Part II of Relevance of Creation): Sowing and Reaping,” Answers In
Genesis Online, http://www.answersingenesis.org/docs/3376.asp.

77 Index of Creationist Organizations: Creation Research Society,” Creationist Organizations,
on Revolution Against Evolution web page, http://www.rae.org/toporg.html; “CRS History
and Aims,” Creation Research Society, http://www.creationresearch.org/hisaims.html

78 Creation Research Society, Directory of Creationist Organizations Inside the USA,
http://www.creationresearch.org/groups.html, 1999.

79 “Science, Biology Teachers Discuss State Board’s Decision,” Topeka Capital-Journal,
August 29, 1999.

80 “Back-Door Approach Suggested,” Topeka Capital-Journal, August 20, 1999; “Critic Seeks
Board of Education Rebuke,” Topeka Capital-Journal, August 24, 1999.

81 “Evolution Debate Sparks Activism,” Wichita Eagle, September 12, 1999.

82 “Kansas Evolution Controversy Gives Rise to National Debate,” Education Week,
September 8, 1999.

83 “School Guide Drops Word ‘Evolution.’ State Officials’ Switch Upsets Some Teachers,”
Louisville Courier-Journal, October 5, 1999.

84 National Center for Science Education Inc., November 1998 correspondence.

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