The Voters Speak in 2002: Fully Fund and Strengthen Public Education

End Notes


  1. See appendix for details on these ballot initiatives.
  2. Tamar Lewin, “The Education Election,” The New York Times, Nov. 10, 2002
  3. Nov. 5 vote totals reported by the Elections Division of the Florida Department of State; available at http://enight.dos.state.fl.us/.
  4. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy People, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4303.
  5. Full text of Article IX, Sect. 1, Florida Department of State, Elections Division, available at http://election.dos.state.fl.us/initiatives/fulltext/34393-1.htm, accessed November 8, 2002.
  6. Full Text of Article IX, Sect. 1, Florida Department of State, Division of Elections, available at http://election.dos.state.fl.us/initiatives/fulltext/34393-1.htm, accessed November 8, 2002.
  7. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4281.
  8. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at: http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4292. (Note: Data is from various sources, including the U.S. Department of Education, Morgan Quitno, Florida Education Association, and U.S. Census Bureau.)
  9. Stephen Hegarty and Anita Kumar, “Voters Decide Price No Object for Schools,” St. Petersburg Times, Nov. 6, 2002; Ben Feller, “Voters OK Class-Size, Pre-K, University Amendments,” Tampa Tribune, Nov. 6, 2002.
  10. Stephen Hegarty and Anita Kumar, “Voters Decide Price No Object for Schools,” St. Petersburg Times, Nov. 6, 2002
  11. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4281.
  12. Steve Harrison, “Class Cap Will Force Creativity,” The Miami Herald, October 26, 2002.
  13. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4281.
  14. “Put Limits on Class Size So Legislature Will Act,” editorial, Palm Beach Post, October 24, 2002.
  15. Steve Harrison, “Class Cap Will Force Creativity,” The Miami Herald, October 26, 2002.
  16. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4281.
  17. “The Herald Recommends Vote Yes on Amendment 9,” editorial, The Miami Herald, October 29, 2002.
  18. Randy Schultz, “Sunshine State Needs to Go Green,” The Palm Beach Post, October 20, 2002.
  19. ibid.
  20. “The Herald Recommends: Vote Yes on Amendment No. 9,” editorial, The Miami Herald, October 28, 2002.
  21. “Bush: ‘Devious Plans’ To Counter Class Size Amendment,” MSNBC, October 4, 2002, accessed Nov. 12, 2002 via: http://www.msnbc.com/local/wtvj/A1345336.asp?cp1=1.
  22. Lori Horvitz, et al, “Voters Approve Smaller Classes, Free Preschool,” Orlando Sentinel, November 6, 2002.
  23. Based on official results posted by Florida’s Division of Elections, a total of 2,243,736 votes were cast in support of governor-lieutenant governor candidates other than the Republican Party ticket of Jeb Bush-Frank T. Brogan. By contrast, a total of 2,550,201 votes—306,465 more than the previous figure—were cast in support of Amendment 9, the amendment to reduce class size. It is reasonable to presume that a large portion of these 306,465 voters who supported Amendment 9 also supported the Bush-Brogan ticket. (Note: Vote totals were reported by the Division of Elections of the Florida Department of State; available at http://enight.dos.state.fl.us/.)
  24. Steve Otto, “Devious Plans From Florida’s Liar-in-Chief,” Tampa Tribune, October 6, 2002.
  25. On its Web site, the Coalition to Protect Florida describes itself as “a group of Floridians concerned about the effects the Amendment to Reduce Class Size would have on Florida.” The group’s leadership includes former U.S. Senator Connie Mack, Tampa Mayor Dick Greco, Florida Comptroller Bob Milligan and former Speaker of the Florida House John Thrasher, who serves as president of the Coalition; accessed via: http://www.protectflorida.com/who.htm.
  26. Stephen Hegarty, “Class Size Foes Spar,” St. Petersburg Times, October 15, 2002.
  27. Lori Horvitz, “Voters Weigh Cost of Plan to Limit Size of Classes,” Orlando Sentinel, October 30, 2002. (Note: Horvitz’ article notes that the Bush proposal did not guarantee actual reductions in class sizes, nor did it earmark funds to hire a single new teacher.)
  28. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4281.
  29. “Class Size Coalition Growing by Leaps and Bounds,” news release, Coalition to Reduce Class Size, Tallahassee, Fla., October 30, 2002.
  30. Lori Horvitz, et al, “Voters Approve Smaller Classes, Free Preschool,” Orlando Sentinel, November 6, 2002.
  31. An Urgent Crisis, An Effective, Affordable Remedy, People For the American Way and the Coalition to Reduce Class Size, September 2002; available at http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=4281.
  32. Myriam Marquez, “Preschool is a No-Brainer — It’s Smart for Everyone, a Pre-K 4 All,” Sept. 3, 2002 press release, available at http://www.co.miami-dade.fl.us/4prek/09-03-02-MyriamMarquez.htm.
  33. Leslie Postal, “Four-Year Olds — Pint-Sized Lovers of Dinosaurs, Dolls and Drawing — Are Politically Hot This Year,” Sun Sentinel (Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.), October 29, 2002. available at http://www.co.miami-dade.fl.us/4prek/10-29-02-LesliePostal.htm accessed November 14, 2002.
  34. Douglas Haberman, “Schwarzenegger Lends His Might to Initiative,” The Los Angeles Times, November 2, 2002.
  35. Janini Marnien, “Board Members Wary of Prop 49,” The Los Angeles Times, November 4, 2002.
  36. From SmartVoter.org, a Web site of the League of Women Voters of California, available at: http://www.smartvoter.org/2002/11/05/ca/state/prop/49/.
  37. ibid.
  38. Miguel Bustillo, “Prop 49 Is Heading to Victory,” The Los Angeles Times, November 6, 2002.
  39. Soloman Moore, “State, L.A. School Bonds Head for Passage,” The Los Angeles Times, November 6, 2002.
  40. “Statewide Measures Roundup: Racial Language, Wage Measures Pass,” The Register-Guard, November 6, 2002.
  41. ibid.
  42. Shaun McKinnon and Tom Zoellner, “Voters Favor Law, Funding for Education,” The Arizona Republic, November 6, 2002.
  43. ibid.
  44. Michael Cass, “Next Step for Lottery in Legislator’s Hands,” The Tennessean, November 5, 2002.
  45. “Tennessee’s School Funding Declared Unconstitutional Again,” CNN.com/Education, October 9, 2002; accessed Nov. 13, 2002 at: http://www.cnn.com/2002/EDUCATION/10/08/tennessee.schools.ap/.
  46. State Decisions 2002, a Web site of Stateside Associates, available at: http://www.statedecisions2002.com/state.aspx?sid=45.
  47. Ed Vogel, “State Ballot Question 7,” Las Vegas Review-Journal, October 24, 2002.
  48. Mary Jo Pitzel and John Stearns, “Future Murky for Gaming in Arizona,” The Arizona Republic, November 6, 2002.
  49. ibid.
  50. Dan Popkey, “Idahoans Give Indians a Chance, But Will Court?” The Idaho Statesman, November 7, 2002.
  51. Idaho Coalition for Indian Self-Reliance, "Yes on One," press release, August 12, 2002, available at http://www.yesonone.org/Press/rel81202.html.
  52. Patricia Montemurri, “Tobacco Fund Change Loses; Merit Scholarships Preserved,” The Detroit Free Press, November 6, 2002.
  53. “Tobacco Tax Narrowly Fails,” Jefferson City News Tribune, November 6, 2002.
  54. James Crawford, “Bilingual Education: Strike Two,” Rethinking Schools, Vol.15, No.2, Winter 2000/2001; accessed Nov. 13, 2002 at: http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/jwcrawford/RS-az.htm.
  55. James Crawford, “What Now for Bilingual Education,” Rethinking Schools, Vol.12, No.2, Winter 1998/1999; accessed Nov. 13, 2002 at: http://www.rethinkingschools.org/Archives/13_02/bimain.htm.
  56. Eric Hubler, “Bilingual Ban Fails,” The Denver Post, November 6, 2002.
  57. “Boston School Committee Passes Resolution Opposing Question 2,” BPS (Boston Public Schools) in the News, October 10, 2002, available at http://boston.k12.ma.us/bps/news_10_10_02b.asp accessed November 15, 2002; Holly Yettick, “2 States, 1 Issue, Unexpectedly Different Outcomes,” Rocky Mountain News, November 7, 2002.
  58. Amendment 31 – English Language Education, taken from the Colorado Legislative Council Blue Book, Election 2002, Rocky Mountain News, accessed Nov. 18, 2002 at: http://cfapp.rockymountainnews.com/election02/index.cfm?issueDetail=30.
  59. Nancy Mitchell, “Latino Voters Said No to 31,” Rocky Mountain News, November 7, 2002.
  60. Cindy Rodríguez, “Activists Encouraged by Turnout of Latinos,” The Boston Globe, Nov. 9, 2002.
  61. Seth Stern, "Conversion to Immersion," Christian Science Monitor, November 5, 2002.
  62. Margaret McKenna, "Two Sides of Question 2: A 'No' Vote Would Serve Our Children," The Boston Globe, November 3, 2002.
  63. Anand Vaishnav, “English Immersion Plan Wins Over Bilingual Ed,” The Boston Globe, November 6, 2002.
  64. Margaret McKenna, "Two Sides of Question 2: A 'No' Vote Would Serve Our Children," The Boston Globe, November 3, 2002.
  65. Robynn Tysver, “Amendments Defeated; ‘English-only’ Cause Won’t Be Stripped Out; Nonprofits Won’t Get Access to Tax-exempt Financing,” Omaha World-Herald, November 7, 2002.
  66. Jennifer Hiller, “Yes Vote Urged On School Financing,” The Honolulu Advertiser, October 15, 2002.
  67. Election 2002, Oregon Live; accessed Nov. 14, 2002 at: http://www.oregonlive.com/electionflash/ballots/index.ssf?OR/I_G_OR_0_38705_1.xml;.
  68. Election 2002 Results: Massachusetts Election Results, The Boston Globe, November 14, 2002; accessed Nov. 14, 2002 at: http://www.boston.com/politics/results/.
  69. Decision 2002, Omaha World-Herald Online Edition (data provided by the Associated Press); accessed Nov. 15, 2002 at: http://www.omaha.com/index.php?u_pg=1364.
  70. Office of Elections, State of Hawaii; accessed Nov. 14, 2002 at: http://www.state.hi.us/elections/reslt02/general/02swgen4.pdf.

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